Intra-abdominal cystic lymphangiomas in infancy and childhood

Chih Cheng Luo, Chen Sheng Huang, Hsun Chin Chao, Shih Ming Chu, Chuen Hsueh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Cystic lymphangiomas (CL) rarely present as intra-abdominal masses. Abdominal CL is often discussed in conjunction with mesenteric cysts; however, their histology, location and age of presentation differ significantly. In an attempt to establish a best diagnostic and treatment modality, we report our experience dealing with intra-abdominal CL during a 5-year period. Methods: Between January 1998 and December 2003, 12 patients, 7 boys and 5 girls, with a diagnosis of CL were reviewed. Modes of clinical presentation, location of CL, methods of diagnosis, surgical intervention and histological examination were all analyzed. Results: The ages of the 12 patients ranged from 8 days to 6 years. Eleven of the 12 patients were symptomatic with abdominal pain, abdominal distention or palpable mass, dysuria and severe acute abdominal pain mimicking appendicitis. Abdominal ultrasound was done preoperatively in all patients. At laparotomy, 5 CL were located in the omentum, 5 in the mesentery, and another 2 in the retroperitoneum. All omental CL were completely excised without difficulty. CL removal required resection of both the cyst and intestine in 2 patients. One of 2 retropritoneal CL was removed with small areas of the posterior wall of the cyst remaining on the inferior vena cava (IVC). There were no major postoperative complications, deaths, or recurrences in this series. Conclusions: Intra-abdominal CL are usually involved in young children and are usually symptomatic. A preoperative diagnosis is possible with ultrasound study. Complete excision of the cysts with or without intestinal resection is mandatory to prevent recurrence. The long-term prognosis is excellent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-514
Number of pages6
JournalChang Gung Medical Journal
Volume27
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cystic Lymphangioma
Cysts
Abdominal Pain
Mesenteric Cyst
Dysuria
Recurrence
Omentum
Mesentery
Acute Pain
Inferior Vena Cava
Appendicitis
Abdominal cystic lymphangioma
Laparotomy
Intestines
Histology

Keywords

  • Cystic lymphangioma
  • Excision
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Luo, C. C., Huang, C. S., Chao, H. C., Chu, S. M., & Hsueh, C. (2004). Intra-abdominal cystic lymphangiomas in infancy and childhood. Chang Gung Medical Journal, 27(7), 509-514.

Intra-abdominal cystic lymphangiomas in infancy and childhood. / Luo, Chih Cheng; Huang, Chen Sheng; Chao, Hsun Chin; Chu, Shih Ming; Hsueh, Chuen.

In: Chang Gung Medical Journal, Vol. 27, No. 7, 07.2004, p. 509-514.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Luo, CC, Huang, CS, Chao, HC, Chu, SM & Hsueh, C 2004, 'Intra-abdominal cystic lymphangiomas in infancy and childhood', Chang Gung Medical Journal, vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 509-514.
Luo CC, Huang CS, Chao HC, Chu SM, Hsueh C. Intra-abdominal cystic lymphangiomas in infancy and childhood. Chang Gung Medical Journal. 2004 Jul;27(7):509-514.
Luo, Chih Cheng ; Huang, Chen Sheng ; Chao, Hsun Chin ; Chu, Shih Ming ; Hsueh, Chuen. / Intra-abdominal cystic lymphangiomas in infancy and childhood. In: Chang Gung Medical Journal. 2004 ; Vol. 27, No. 7. pp. 509-514.
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