Intermixing-seeded growth for high-performance planar heterojunction perovskite solar cells assisted by precursor-capped nanoparticles

Shao Sian Li, Chi Huang Chang, Ying Chiao Wang, Chung Wei Lin, Di Yan Wang, Jou Chun Lin, Chia Chun Chen, Hwo Shuenn Sheu, Hao Chung Chia, Wei Ru Wu, U. Ser Jeng, Chi Te Liang, Raman Sankar, Fang Cheng Chou, Chun Wei Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

This work proposes a novel approach to modulate the nucleation and growth of perovskite crystals in planar perovskite (CH3NH3PbI3-xClx) solar cells by intermixing precursor-capped inorganic nanoparticles of PbS. A small amount of dispersed PbS nanoparticles which were covered with perovskite precursor molecules of methylammonium iodide (CH3NH3I, MAI) through the ligand-exchange treatment functioned as effective seed-like nucleation sites to promote the formation of perovskite lattice structures. Through this intermixing-seeded growth technique, substantial morphological improvements, such as increased crystal domains, enhanced coverage, and uniformity, were realized in the perovskite thin films, and the corresponding solar cell devices exhibited a promising power conversion efficiency of 17.4%, showing an enhancement of approximately 25% compared to that of the controlled pristine solar cell device. The substantially enhanced crystal orientation, particularly along the direction perpendicular to the substrate, was evident from the synchrotron-based grazing incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering data. This observation was consistent with the enhanced carrier diffusion lengths and excellent reproducibility of high fill factors of the planar heterojunction perovskite devices fabricated through the proposed technique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1282-1289
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy and Environmental Science
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

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perovskite
Perovskite
Heterojunctions
Nanoparticles
Solar cells
crystal
nucleation
Nucleation
Crystals
iodide
Iodides
X ray scattering
Synchrotrons
Crystal orientation
ligand
Conversion efficiency
Seed
Perovskite solar cells
nanoparticle
solar cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Pollution

Cite this

Intermixing-seeded growth for high-performance planar heterojunction perovskite solar cells assisted by precursor-capped nanoparticles. / Li, Shao Sian; Chang, Chi Huang; Wang, Ying Chiao; Lin, Chung Wei; Wang, Di Yan; Lin, Jou Chun; Chen, Chia Chun; Sheu, Hwo Shuenn; Chia, Hao Chung; Wu, Wei Ru; Jeng, U. Ser; Liang, Chi Te; Sankar, Raman; Chou, Fang Cheng; Chen, Chun Wei.

In: Energy and Environmental Science, Vol. 9, No. 4, 01.04.2016, p. 1282-1289.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Li, SS, Chang, CH, Wang, YC, Lin, CW, Wang, DY, Lin, JC, Chen, CC, Sheu, HS, Chia, HC, Wu, WR, Jeng, US, Liang, CT, Sankar, R, Chou, FC & Chen, CW 2016, 'Intermixing-seeded growth for high-performance planar heterojunction perovskite solar cells assisted by precursor-capped nanoparticles', Energy and Environmental Science, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 1282-1289. https://doi.org/10.1039/c5ee03229f
Li, Shao Sian ; Chang, Chi Huang ; Wang, Ying Chiao ; Lin, Chung Wei ; Wang, Di Yan ; Lin, Jou Chun ; Chen, Chia Chun ; Sheu, Hwo Shuenn ; Chia, Hao Chung ; Wu, Wei Ru ; Jeng, U. Ser ; Liang, Chi Te ; Sankar, Raman ; Chou, Fang Cheng ; Chen, Chun Wei. / Intermixing-seeded growth for high-performance planar heterojunction perovskite solar cells assisted by precursor-capped nanoparticles. In: Energy and Environmental Science. 2016 ; Vol. 9, No. 4. pp. 1282-1289.
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