Interleukin (IL)-19 promoted skin wound healing by increasing fibroblast keratinocyte growth factor expression

Ding Ping Sun, Ching Hua Yeh, Edmund So, Li Yun Wang, Tsui Shan Wei, Ming Shi Chang, Chung-Hsi Hsing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Interleukin (IL)-19, a member of the IL-10 cytokine family, is involved in keratinocyte proliferation in psoriasis. Objectives: We investigated the role of IL-19 in the wound-healing process in vivo and in vitro. Methods: Two full-thickness circular wounds (4. mm in diameter) were punched into the skin of BALB/C mice. IL-19 and keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) mRNA in wounded skin were determined using real-time PCR. The wounds were treated with PBS, vehicle, IL-19 (400. ng/mL), or IL-20 (400. ng/mL) (. n=. 6 in each group) twice daily and the percentage of wound healing was measured daily for 7. days. In vitro, human skin fibroblast CCD966-SK cells and keratinocyte HaCaT cells were treated with IL-19 or KGF. Cell proliferation and migration were determined using bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) and transwell assays, respectively. The expression of IL-19 and KGF mRNA was also analyzed. Results: In wounded mouse skin, IL-19 mRNA was upregulated at 12. h, and KGF at 24. h after the injury. Both increases in gene expression declined 72. h after the skin had been wounded. The percentage of wound healing in IL-19-treated mice was higher than in control mice. In vitro, IL-19 upregulated KGF expression in the CCD966-SK cells; IL-19 was upregulated in KGF-treated HaCaT cells. KGF but not IL-19 promoted HaCaT cell proliferation. However, IL-19 significantly increased the migration of HaCaT cells. HaCaT cells treated with the cultured supernatants of IL-19-stimulated CCD966-SK cells showed significantly more proliferation than in controls. Conclusions: IL-19 is important for cutaneous wound healing because it upregulates KGF expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)360-368
Number of pages9
JournalCytokine
Volume62
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013

Keywords

  • Cytokines
  • Interleukin-19
  • Keratinocyte growth factor
  • Wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Hematology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Sun, D. P., Yeh, C. H., So, E., Wang, L. Y., Wei, T. S., Chang, M. S., & Hsing, C-H. (2013). Interleukin (IL)-19 promoted skin wound healing by increasing fibroblast keratinocyte growth factor expression. Cytokine, 62(3), 360-368. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cyto.2013.03.017