Interesting substrate-temperature dependence on surface-enhanced Raman scattering

Kuang Hsuan Yang, Yu Chuan Liu, Ting C. Hsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report here an interesting phenomenon that surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) intensity can be significantly improved on electrochemically roughened silver substrates at slightly elevated temperatures. Experimental results indicate that the SERS enhancement capabilities are gradually raised from 25 °C to a maximum at 50 °C and monotonically decreased from 50 to 60 °C. The SERS of Rhodamine 6G (R6G) adsorbed on the SERS-active substrate at 50 °C exhibits a higher intensity by 7-fold of magnitude, as compared with that of R6G adsorbed on the SERS-active substrate at 25 °C. More interestingly, this phenomenon is reversible. The SERS intensity of R6G was also decreased to its original level when the temperature of the elevated substrate was reduced from 50 to 25 °C. These interesting phenomena are valid for all different target molecules generally used in SERS studies. Further experiments reveal that the increase in SERS enhancement capability of SERS-active Ag substrates at slightly elevated temperatures may mainly comes from the corresponding increase of the chemical (CHEM) enhancements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-191
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Volume632
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Raman scattering
Substrates
Temperature
Surface phenomena
Silver
Molecules
rhodamine 6G

Keywords

  • Electrochemical methods
  • Reversible
  • Surface-enhanced Raman scattering
  • Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry

Cite this

Interesting substrate-temperature dependence on surface-enhanced Raman scattering. / Yang, Kuang Hsuan; Liu, Yu Chuan; Hsu, Ting C.

In: Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Vol. 632, No. 1-2, 01.07.2009, p. 184-191.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - We report here an interesting phenomenon that surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) intensity can be significantly improved on electrochemically roughened silver substrates at slightly elevated temperatures. Experimental results indicate that the SERS enhancement capabilities are gradually raised from 25 °C to a maximum at 50 °C and monotonically decreased from 50 to 60 °C. The SERS of Rhodamine 6G (R6G) adsorbed on the SERS-active substrate at 50 °C exhibits a higher intensity by 7-fold of magnitude, as compared with that of R6G adsorbed on the SERS-active substrate at 25 °C. More interestingly, this phenomenon is reversible. The SERS intensity of R6G was also decreased to its original level when the temperature of the elevated substrate was reduced from 50 to 25 °C. These interesting phenomena are valid for all different target molecules generally used in SERS studies. Further experiments reveal that the increase in SERS enhancement capability of SERS-active Ag substrates at slightly elevated temperatures may mainly comes from the corresponding increase of the chemical (CHEM) enhancements.

AB - We report here an interesting phenomenon that surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) intensity can be significantly improved on electrochemically roughened silver substrates at slightly elevated temperatures. Experimental results indicate that the SERS enhancement capabilities are gradually raised from 25 °C to a maximum at 50 °C and monotonically decreased from 50 to 60 °C. The SERS of Rhodamine 6G (R6G) adsorbed on the SERS-active substrate at 50 °C exhibits a higher intensity by 7-fold of magnitude, as compared with that of R6G adsorbed on the SERS-active substrate at 25 °C. More interestingly, this phenomenon is reversible. The SERS intensity of R6G was also decreased to its original level when the temperature of the elevated substrate was reduced from 50 to 25 °C. These interesting phenomena are valid for all different target molecules generally used in SERS studies. Further experiments reveal that the increase in SERS enhancement capability of SERS-active Ag substrates at slightly elevated temperatures may mainly comes from the corresponding increase of the chemical (CHEM) enhancements.

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