Objective Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a form of chronic inflammatory spondyloarthritis (SpA) that causes pain and stiffness in spines or joints. Human leukocyte antigen B27 (HLA-B27) and B60 (HLA-B60) have been reported as major genetic risk factors of AS. In addition, rs13202464, located on major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region, showed high sensitivity (98.7%) and specificity (98.0%) for HLA-B27. Design The aim of our study is to test whether the interaction between HLA-B60 and HLA-B27 (rs13202464) can serve as a better predictor of AS. We have genotyped HLA-B60 and rs13202464 among 471 patients with AS and 557 healthy subjects. Combined risk factors were investigated to test the biological interaction. Results Our results indicated that the relative risk (RR) for HLA-B27+/HLA-B60- was 152 (95% CI 91 to 255) and it increased to 201 (95% CI 85 to 475) in HLA-B27+/HLA-B60+ patients (with HLA-B27-/HLA-B60- as reference). Combinational analysis of two risk factors (HLA-B27 +/HLA-B60+) showed a relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI) of 46.79 (95% CI:-117.58 to 211.16), attributable proportion (AP) of 0.23 (95% CI:-0.41 to 0.88) and a synergy index (S) of 1.31 (95% CI: 0.56 to 3.04). Conclusion In conclusion, genetic interaction analysis revealed that the interaction between HLA-B60 and HLA-B27 is a better marker for the risk of AS susceptibility in a Taiwanese population.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)