Integration of simian virus 40 into cellular DNA occurs at or near topoisomerase II cleavage hot spots induced by VM-26 (teniposide)

A. L. Bodley, H. C. Huang, C. Yu, Leroy-Fong Liu

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39 Citations (Scopus)


Inhibition of DNA topoisomerase II in simian virus 40 (SV40)-infected BSC- 1 cells with a topoisomerase II poison, VM-26 (teniposide), resulted in rapid conversion of a population of the SV40 DNA into a high-molecular-weight form. Characterization of this high-molecular-weight form of SV40 DNA suggests that it is linear, double stranded, and a recombinant with SV40 DNA sequences covalently joined to cellular DNA. The majority of the integrants contain fewer than two tandem copies of SV40 DNA. Neither DNA-damaging agents, such as mitomycin and UV, nor the topoisomerase I inhibitor camptothecin induced detectable integration in this system. In addition, the recombination junctions within the SV40 portion of the integrants correlate with VM-26- induced, topoisomerase II cleavage hot spots on SV40 DNA. These results suggest a direct and specific role for topoisomerase II and possibly the enzyme-inhibitor-DNA ternary cleavable complex in integration. The propensity of poisoned topoisomerase II to induce viral integration also suggests a role for topoisomerase II in a pathway of chromosomal DNA rearrangements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6190-6200
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology

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