Integrating traditional Chinese medicine healthcare into diabetes care by reducing the risk of developing kidney failure among type 2 diabetic patients: A population-based case control study

Pei Chien Hsu, Yueh Ting Tsai, Jung Nien Lai, Chien Tung Wu, Shun Ku Lin, Chung Yu Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ethnopharmacological relevance: Our previous study indicated that the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula Liu-Wei-Di-Huang-Wan, which consists of six type of herbs, namely Rehmannia glutinosa (Gaertn.) DC., root, dried; Cornus officinalis Siebold & Zucc., fructus, dried; Dioscorea oppositifolia L., root, dried; Alisma plantago-aquatica subsp. orientale (Sam.) Sam., tuber, dried; Paeonia x suffruticosa Andrews, bark, dried; Poria cocos (Fr.) Wolf., sclerotium, dried, is the most frequently prescribed herbal formula used to treat type 2 diabetes patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate the integration of TCM into diabetes care in terms of how it reduces the risk of developing kidney failure. Materials and Methods: The Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) provided detailed information of health care services for each patient and covers 98% of all Taiwan residents as of 2007. Case and control subjects were selected from the NHIRD. Two multivariable logistic regression models were constructed in order to explore two types of exposure assessments including prescription of TCMs (model 1) and prescription of different estimated dosages of Liu-Wei-Di-Huang-Wan (model 2). Results: Using logistic regression model 1, having used TCMs was independently associated with a decreased risk of kidney failure by multivariable analysis (OR=0.69, 95% CI: 0.61-0.77). Using logistic regression model 2, there was no difference between non-Liu-Wei-Di-Huang-Wan TCM users and Liu-Wei-Di-Huang-Wan TCM users in terms of the risk of developing kidney failure. Furthermore, there was also no linear dose-response trend when we used exposure to prescribed Liu-Wei-Di-Huang-Wan as a continuous variable (for non-Liu-Wei-Di-Huang-Wan TCM users, OR=0.68, 95% CI: 0.60-0.77; for TCM users consuming 1-30 g of Liu-Wei-Di-Huang-Wan, OR=0.69, 95% CI: 0.54-0.87; for > 30 g of Liu-Wei-Di-Huang-Wan, OR=0.84, 95% CI: 0.49-1.44). Conclusions: Integrating TCM healthcare into diabetes care was found to be associated with a decreased risk of developing kidney failure. Having recognized the use of TCM, exploring any potential interactions and adverse effects, and integrating both technologies into a holistic treatment system may be beneficial to the relief of diabetic nephropathy on patients with type 2 diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)358-364
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Ethnopharmacology
Volume156
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 28 2014

Keywords

  • Chinese herbal product
  • Diabetes
  • Kidney failure
  • Liu-Wei-Di-Huang-Wan
  • National Health Insurance Research Database
  • Traditional Chinese medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery

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