Injury-induced Janus kinase/protein kinase C-dependent phosphorylation of growth-associated protein 43 and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 for neurite growth in dorsal root ganglion

Shih Ying Tsai, Liang Yo Yang, Chin Hsiang Wu, Shwu Fen Chang, Chung Y. Hsu, Chi Peng Wei, Sy Tye Leu, Jiahorng Liaw, Yi Hsuan Lee, Ming Dar Tsai

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34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Elevation of corticosteroids and excessive glutamate release are the two major stress responses that occur sequentially during traumatic CNS injury. We have previously reported that sequential application of corticosterone and kainic acid (CORT + KA) mimicking the nerve injury condition results in synergistic enhancement of neurite outgrowth and expression of growth-associated protein 43 (GAP-43) in cultured dorsal root ganglion (DRG). GAP-43 is known to promote neurite extension when phosphorylated by protein kinase C (PKC). In addition, PKC can phosphorylate the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) at Ser727, which is phosphorylated primarily by Janus kinase (JAK) at Tyr705. In this study, we further examine the role of PKC in this stress-induced growth-promoting effect. In the cultured DRG neurons, the JAK inhibitor AG-490 and the PKC inhibitor Ro-318220 reduced the CORT + KA-enhanced neurite growth effect when applied prior to CORT and KA treatment, respectively. Both AG-490 and Ro-318220 diminished the CORT + KA-enhanced GAP-43 expression, phosphorylation, and axonal localization. Furthermore, CORT + KA treatment synergistically phosphorylated STAT3 at Ser727 but not at Tyr705. Similar phenomena were observed in an animal model of acute spinal cord injury (SCI), in which phosphorylation of GAP-43 and phospho-Ser727-STAT3 was elevated in the injured DRG 4 hr after the impact injury. Further treatment with the therapeutic glucocorticoid methylprednisolone enhanced the phosphorylation of GAP-43 in both the DRG and the spinal cord of SCI rats. These results suggest that elevated glucocorticoids and overexcitation following CNS injury contribute to nerve regeneration via induction of JAK/PKC-mediated GAP-43 and STAT3 activities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-331
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Research
Volume85
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2007

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GAP-43 Protein
Janus Kinases
STAT3 Transcription Factor
Spinal Ganglia
Neurites
Protein Kinase C
Phosphorylation
Wounds and Injuries
Growth
Spinal Cord Injuries
Glucocorticoids
Nerve Regeneration
Protein C Inhibitor
Kainic Acid
Methylprednisolone
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Corticosterone
Glutamic Acid
Spinal Cord
Adrenal Cortex Hormones

Keywords

  • Corticosterone
  • Kainic acid
  • Spinal cord injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

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title = "Injury-induced Janus kinase/protein kinase C-dependent phosphorylation of growth-associated protein 43 and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 for neurite growth in dorsal root ganglion",
abstract = "Elevation of corticosteroids and excessive glutamate release are the two major stress responses that occur sequentially during traumatic CNS injury. We have previously reported that sequential application of corticosterone and kainic acid (CORT + KA) mimicking the nerve injury condition results in synergistic enhancement of neurite outgrowth and expression of growth-associated protein 43 (GAP-43) in cultured dorsal root ganglion (DRG). GAP-43 is known to promote neurite extension when phosphorylated by protein kinase C (PKC). In addition, PKC can phosphorylate the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) at Ser727, which is phosphorylated primarily by Janus kinase (JAK) at Tyr705. In this study, we further examine the role of PKC in this stress-induced growth-promoting effect. In the cultured DRG neurons, the JAK inhibitor AG-490 and the PKC inhibitor Ro-318220 reduced the CORT + KA-enhanced neurite growth effect when applied prior to CORT and KA treatment, respectively. Both AG-490 and Ro-318220 diminished the CORT + KA-enhanced GAP-43 expression, phosphorylation, and axonal localization. Furthermore, CORT + KA treatment synergistically phosphorylated STAT3 at Ser727 but not at Tyr705. Similar phenomena were observed in an animal model of acute spinal cord injury (SCI), in which phosphorylation of GAP-43 and phospho-Ser727-STAT3 was elevated in the injured DRG 4 hr after the impact injury. Further treatment with the therapeutic glucocorticoid methylprednisolone enhanced the phosphorylation of GAP-43 in both the DRG and the spinal cord of SCI rats. These results suggest that elevated glucocorticoids and overexcitation following CNS injury contribute to nerve regeneration via induction of JAK/PKC-mediated GAP-43 and STAT3 activities.",
keywords = "Corticosterone, Kainic acid, Spinal cord injury",
author = "Tsai, {Shih Ying} and Yang, {Liang Yo} and Wu, {Chin Hsiang} and Chang, {Shwu Fen} and Hsu, {Chung Y.} and Wei, {Chi Peng} and Leu, {Sy Tye} and Jiahorng Liaw and Lee, {Yi Hsuan} and Tsai, {Ming Dar}",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Injury-induced Janus kinase/protein kinase C-dependent phosphorylation of growth-associated protein 43 and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 for neurite growth in dorsal root ganglion

AU - Tsai, Shih Ying

AU - Yang, Liang Yo

AU - Wu, Chin Hsiang

AU - Chang, Shwu Fen

AU - Hsu, Chung Y.

AU - Wei, Chi Peng

AU - Leu, Sy Tye

AU - Liaw, Jiahorng

AU - Lee, Yi Hsuan

AU - Tsai, Ming Dar

PY - 2007/2/1

Y1 - 2007/2/1

N2 - Elevation of corticosteroids and excessive glutamate release are the two major stress responses that occur sequentially during traumatic CNS injury. We have previously reported that sequential application of corticosterone and kainic acid (CORT + KA) mimicking the nerve injury condition results in synergistic enhancement of neurite outgrowth and expression of growth-associated protein 43 (GAP-43) in cultured dorsal root ganglion (DRG). GAP-43 is known to promote neurite extension when phosphorylated by protein kinase C (PKC). In addition, PKC can phosphorylate the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) at Ser727, which is phosphorylated primarily by Janus kinase (JAK) at Tyr705. In this study, we further examine the role of PKC in this stress-induced growth-promoting effect. In the cultured DRG neurons, the JAK inhibitor AG-490 and the PKC inhibitor Ro-318220 reduced the CORT + KA-enhanced neurite growth effect when applied prior to CORT and KA treatment, respectively. Both AG-490 and Ro-318220 diminished the CORT + KA-enhanced GAP-43 expression, phosphorylation, and axonal localization. Furthermore, CORT + KA treatment synergistically phosphorylated STAT3 at Ser727 but not at Tyr705. Similar phenomena were observed in an animal model of acute spinal cord injury (SCI), in which phosphorylation of GAP-43 and phospho-Ser727-STAT3 was elevated in the injured DRG 4 hr after the impact injury. Further treatment with the therapeutic glucocorticoid methylprednisolone enhanced the phosphorylation of GAP-43 in both the DRG and the spinal cord of SCI rats. These results suggest that elevated glucocorticoids and overexcitation following CNS injury contribute to nerve regeneration via induction of JAK/PKC-mediated GAP-43 and STAT3 activities.

AB - Elevation of corticosteroids and excessive glutamate release are the two major stress responses that occur sequentially during traumatic CNS injury. We have previously reported that sequential application of corticosterone and kainic acid (CORT + KA) mimicking the nerve injury condition results in synergistic enhancement of neurite outgrowth and expression of growth-associated protein 43 (GAP-43) in cultured dorsal root ganglion (DRG). GAP-43 is known to promote neurite extension when phosphorylated by protein kinase C (PKC). In addition, PKC can phosphorylate the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) at Ser727, which is phosphorylated primarily by Janus kinase (JAK) at Tyr705. In this study, we further examine the role of PKC in this stress-induced growth-promoting effect. In the cultured DRG neurons, the JAK inhibitor AG-490 and the PKC inhibitor Ro-318220 reduced the CORT + KA-enhanced neurite growth effect when applied prior to CORT and KA treatment, respectively. Both AG-490 and Ro-318220 diminished the CORT + KA-enhanced GAP-43 expression, phosphorylation, and axonal localization. Furthermore, CORT + KA treatment synergistically phosphorylated STAT3 at Ser727 but not at Tyr705. Similar phenomena were observed in an animal model of acute spinal cord injury (SCI), in which phosphorylation of GAP-43 and phospho-Ser727-STAT3 was elevated in the injured DRG 4 hr after the impact injury. Further treatment with the therapeutic glucocorticoid methylprednisolone enhanced the phosphorylation of GAP-43 in both the DRG and the spinal cord of SCI rats. These results suggest that elevated glucocorticoids and overexcitation following CNS injury contribute to nerve regeneration via induction of JAK/PKC-mediated GAP-43 and STAT3 activities.

KW - Corticosterone

KW - Kainic acid

KW - Spinal cord injury

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