Inhibitory effects of flavonoids on phosphodiesterase isozymes from guinea pig and their structure-activity relationships

Wun-Chang Ko, Chwen Ming Shih, Ya Hsin Lai, Jun Hao Chen, Hui Lin Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

115 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The structure-activity relationships of flavonoids with regard to their inhibitory effects on phosphodiesterase (PDE) isozymes are little known. The activities of PDE1-5 were measured by a two-step procedure using cAMP with [ 3H]-cAMP or cGMP with [ 3H]-cGMP as substrates. In the present results, PDE1, 5, 2, and 4 isozymes were partially purified from guinea pig lungs in that order, and PDE3 was from the heart. The IC 50 values of PDE1-5 were greater than those reported previously for the reference drugs, vinpocetin, EHNA, milrinone, Ro 20-1724, and zaprinast, by 5-, 5-, 7-, 5-, and 3-fold, respectively. As shown in Table 2, luteolin revealed non-selective inhibition of PDE1-5 with IC 50 values in a range of 10-20 μM, as did genistein except with a low potency on PDE5. Daidzein, an inactive analogue of genistein in tyrosine kinase inhibition, showed selective inhibition of PDE3 with an IC 50 value of around 30 μM, as did eriodictyol with an IC 50 value of around 50 μM. Hesperetin and prunetin exhibited more-selective inhibition of PDE4 with IC 50 values of around 30 and 60 μM, respectively. Luteolin-7-glucoside exhibited dual inhibition of PDE2/PDE4 with an IC 50 value of around 40 μM. Diosmetin more-selectively inhibited PDE2 (IC 50 of 4.8 μM) than PDE1, PDE4, or PDE5. However, biochanin A more-selectively inhibited PDE4 (IC 50 of 8.5 μM) than PDE1 or PDE2. Apigenin inhibited PDE1-3 with IC 50 values of around 10-25 μM. Myricetin inhibited PDE1-4 with IC 50 values of around 10-40 μM. The same was true for quercetin, but we rather consider that it more-selectively inhibited PDE3 and PDE4 (IC 50 of

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2087-2094
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Volume68
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 15 2004

Keywords

  • Flavonoids
  • Guinea pig
  • Heart
  • Lung
  • Phosphodiesterase isozymes
  • Structure-activity relationships

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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