Inhibition of platelet activation and endothelial cell injury by flavan-3-ol and saikosaponin compounds

W. C. Chang, F. L. Hsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of flavan-3-ol and saikosaponin compounds on platelet aggregation, platelet thromboxane biosynthesis and H2O2-induced endothelial cell injury were studied. Seven flavan-3-ol compounds isolated from Camellia sinensis L. var sinensis O. Kuntze (Theaceae) and three saikosaponin compounds isolated from Bupleurum falcatum L. (Umbelliferae) were used. Among the 10 compounds tested, only epigallocatechin and saikosaponin a significantly inhibited human platelet aggregation induced by ADP, and the potency of inhibition was comparable with aspirin. Both of epigallocatechin and saikosaponin a dose-dependently inhibited the platelet thromboxane formation from exogenous and endogenous arachidonic acid. In the prevention of H2O2-induced endothelial cell injury in culture, only gallocatechin-3-0-gallate and epicatechin-3-0-gallate were effective. The inhibitory effect of epigallocatechin and saikosaponin a on platelet activation and the cytoprotective effect of gallocatechin-3-0-gallate and epicatechin-3-0-gallate on H2O2-induced endothelial cell injury could give evidence of explaining the possible role of flavan-3-ol and saikosaponin compounds in maintaining vascular homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-56
Number of pages6
JournalProstaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

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Endothelial cells
Platelet Activation
Platelets
Endothelial Cells
Chemical activation
Wounds and Injuries
Thromboxanes
Platelet Aggregation
Theaceae
Blood Platelets
Agglomeration
Bupleurum
Camellia sinensis
Apiaceae
Biosynthesis
Cell culture
Arachidonic Acid
Adenosine Diphosphate
Aspirin
Blood Vessels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

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abstract = "The effects of flavan-3-ol and saikosaponin compounds on platelet aggregation, platelet thromboxane biosynthesis and H2O2-induced endothelial cell injury were studied. Seven flavan-3-ol compounds isolated from Camellia sinensis L. var sinensis O. Kuntze (Theaceae) and three saikosaponin compounds isolated from Bupleurum falcatum L. (Umbelliferae) were used. Among the 10 compounds tested, only epigallocatechin and saikosaponin a significantly inhibited human platelet aggregation induced by ADP, and the potency of inhibition was comparable with aspirin. Both of epigallocatechin and saikosaponin a dose-dependently inhibited the platelet thromboxane formation from exogenous and endogenous arachidonic acid. In the prevention of H2O2-induced endothelial cell injury in culture, only gallocatechin-3-0-gallate and epicatechin-3-0-gallate were effective. The inhibitory effect of epigallocatechin and saikosaponin a on platelet activation and the cytoprotective effect of gallocatechin-3-0-gallate and epicatechin-3-0-gallate on H2O2-induced endothelial cell injury could give evidence of explaining the possible role of flavan-3-ol and saikosaponin compounds in maintaining vascular homeostasis.",
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AB - The effects of flavan-3-ol and saikosaponin compounds on platelet aggregation, platelet thromboxane biosynthesis and H2O2-induced endothelial cell injury were studied. Seven flavan-3-ol compounds isolated from Camellia sinensis L. var sinensis O. Kuntze (Theaceae) and three saikosaponin compounds isolated from Bupleurum falcatum L. (Umbelliferae) were used. Among the 10 compounds tested, only epigallocatechin and saikosaponin a significantly inhibited human platelet aggregation induced by ADP, and the potency of inhibition was comparable with aspirin. Both of epigallocatechin and saikosaponin a dose-dependently inhibited the platelet thromboxane formation from exogenous and endogenous arachidonic acid. In the prevention of H2O2-induced endothelial cell injury in culture, only gallocatechin-3-0-gallate and epicatechin-3-0-gallate were effective. The inhibitory effect of epigallocatechin and saikosaponin a on platelet activation and the cytoprotective effect of gallocatechin-3-0-gallate and epicatechin-3-0-gallate on H2O2-induced endothelial cell injury could give evidence of explaining the possible role of flavan-3-ol and saikosaponin compounds in maintaining vascular homeostasis.

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