Inhibition of autophagy as a therapeutic strategy of iron-induced brain injury after hemorrhage

Chiu Wei Chen, Tzu Yin Chen, Ke Li Tsai, Chih Lung Lin, Kazunari K. Yokoyama, Wen Sen Lee, Chuang Chin Chiueh, Chin Hsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Premenopausal women have better survival than men after intracerebral hemorrhage, which is associated with iron overproduction and autophagy induction. To examine the participation of neuronal autophagy and estrogen receptor α (ERα) in the E2-mediated protection, PC12 neurons treated with Atg7 (autophagy-related protein 7) siRNA, rapamycin (an autophagy inducer), or Erα siRNA were applied. To study whether autophagy involves in β-estradiol 3-benzoate (E2)-mediated neuroprotection against iron-induced striatal injury, castration and E2 capsule implantation were performed at 2 weeks and 24 h, respectively, before ferrous citrate (FC) infusion into the caudate nucleus (CN) of Sprague Dawley male and female rats. Furthermore, the role of neuronal autophagy in the sex difference of FC-induced CN injury was confirmed by using conditional knockout Atg7 in dopamine receptor 2 (DRD2)-containing neurons in mice. The results showed that the suppression of FC-induced autophagy by E2 was abolished by Erα siRNA preincubation. Atg7 silencing simulates and rapamycin diminishes E2-mediated neuroprotection against FC-induced neurotoxicity. In vivo, FC induced a lower degree of autophagy, autophagic cell death, injury severity, histological lesion and behavioral deficit in female rats than in males. E2 implantation decreased the levels of both FC-induced autophagy and injury in ovariectomized rats. Moreover, the sex difference of FC-induced CN injury was diminished in Atg7 knockout mice. Thus, suppression of autophagy by E2 via ERα contributes to less severity of iron-induced brain injury in females than in male. This finding opens up the prospect for a therapeutic strategy targeting autophagic inhibition for patients suffering from intracerebral iron overload.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1510-1520
Number of pages11
JournalAutophagy
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012

Fingerprint

Autophagy
Brain Injuries
Iron
Hemorrhage
Caudate Nucleus
Small Interfering RNA
Wounds and Injuries
Therapeutics
Sirolimus
Sex Characteristics
Estrogen Receptors
Corpus Striatum
Iron Overload
Castration
Dopamine Receptors
Cerebral Hemorrhage
monoferrous acid citrate
Knockout Mice
Capsules
Neurons

Keywords

  • Atg7
  • Autophagic cell death
  • Cerebral hemorrhage
  • Estradiol
  • Estrogen receptor
  • Iron-induced brain injury
  • Macroautophagy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Chen, C. W., Chen, T. Y., Tsai, K. L., Lin, C. L., Yokoyama, K. K., Lee, W. S., ... Hsu, C. (2012). Inhibition of autophagy as a therapeutic strategy of iron-induced brain injury after hemorrhage. Autophagy, 8(10), 1510-1520. https://doi.org/10.4161/auto.21289

Inhibition of autophagy as a therapeutic strategy of iron-induced brain injury after hemorrhage. / Chen, Chiu Wei; Chen, Tzu Yin; Tsai, Ke Li; Lin, Chih Lung; Yokoyama, Kazunari K.; Lee, Wen Sen; Chiueh, Chuang Chin; Hsu, Chin.

In: Autophagy, Vol. 8, No. 10, 10.2012, p. 1510-1520.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chen, CW, Chen, TY, Tsai, KL, Lin, CL, Yokoyama, KK, Lee, WS, Chiueh, CC & Hsu, C 2012, 'Inhibition of autophagy as a therapeutic strategy of iron-induced brain injury after hemorrhage', Autophagy, vol. 8, no. 10, pp. 1510-1520. https://doi.org/10.4161/auto.21289
Chen, Chiu Wei ; Chen, Tzu Yin ; Tsai, Ke Li ; Lin, Chih Lung ; Yokoyama, Kazunari K. ; Lee, Wen Sen ; Chiueh, Chuang Chin ; Hsu, Chin. / Inhibition of autophagy as a therapeutic strategy of iron-induced brain injury after hemorrhage. In: Autophagy. 2012 ; Vol. 8, No. 10. pp. 1510-1520.
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