Inhibition by Thyroid Hormones of Cell Migration Activated by IGF-1 and MCP-1 in THP-1 Monocytes: Focus on Signal Transduction Events Proximal to Integrin αvβ3

Elena Candelotti, Roberto De Luca, Roberto Megna, Mariangela Maiolo, Paolo De Vito, Fabio Gionfra, Zulema Antonia Percario, Monica Borgatti, Roberto Gambari, Paul J. Davis, Hung Yun Lin, Fabio Polticelli, Tiziana Persichini, Marco Colasanti, Elisabetta Affabris, Jens Z. Pedersen, Sandra Incerpi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Interaction between thyroid hormones and the immune system is reported in the literature. Thyroid hormones, thyroxine, T4, but also T3, act non-genomically through mechanisms that involve a plasma membrane receptor αvβ3 integrin, a co-receptor for insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). Previous data from our laboratory show a crosstalk between thyroid hormones and IGF-1 because thyroid hormones inhibit the IGF-1-stimulated glucose uptake and cell proliferation in L-6 myoblasts, and the effects are mediated by integrin αvβ3. IGF-1 also behaves as a chemokine, being an important factor for tissue regeneration after damage. In the present study, using THP-1 human leukemic monocytes, expressing αvβ3 integrin in their cell membrane, we focused on the crosstalk between thyroid hormones and either IGF-1 or monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), studying cell migration and proliferation stimulated by the two chemokines, and the role of αvβ3 integrin, using inhibitors of αvβ3 integrin and downstream pathways. Our results show that IGF-1 is a potent chemoattractant in THP-1 monocytes, stimulating cell migration, and thyroid hormone inhibits the effect through αvβ3 integrin. Thyroid hormone also inhibits IGF-1-stimulated cell proliferation through αvβ3 integrin, an example of a crosstalk between genomic and non-genomic effects. We also studied the effects of thyroid hormone on cell migration and proliferation induced by MCP-1, together with the pathways involved, by a pharmacological approach and docking simulation. Our findings show a different downstream signaling for IGF-1 and MCP-1 in THP-1 monocytes mediated by the plasma membrane receptor of thyroid hormones, integrin αvβ3.

Original languageEnglish
Article number651492
JournalFrontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 8 2021

Keywords

  • baicalein
  • cytokine
  • molecular docking
  • nitric oxide
  • PI3-kinase and ERK1/2 signaling pathways
  • reactive oxygen species
  • STAT-1
  • tetrac

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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