Influenza Vaccination and Risk of Lung Cancer in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Nationwide, Population-Based Cohort Study

Chun Chao Chen, Chia Hsien Wu, Cheng Hsin Lin, Chun Chih Chiu, Tsung Yeh Yang, Meng Huan Lei, Hsien Tang Yeh, William Jian, Yu Ann Fang, Wen Rui Hao, Ju Chi Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is significantly associated with lung cancer incidence. The aim of this study was to elucidate whether influenza vaccination reduces the incidence of lung cancer in patients with CKD. This cohort study enrolled patients with a record of CKD diagnosis from 2000 to 2012 in Taiwan’s National Health Insurance Research Database. Included patients were divided into vaccinated and unvaccinated groups. In total 12,985 patients with CKD were enrolled. Among these patients, 5495 were vaccinated and 7490 were unvaccinated. The risk of lung cancer was significantly lower in the influenza vaccination group after adjusting for age, sex, dialysis status, lung diseases, comorbidities, level of urbanization, and monthly income (adjusted hazard ratio (HR): 0.50, 95% confidence interval (CI; 0.38–0.65), p < 0.05). Lower risk of lung cancer was observed in both sexes, all age groups, dialysis status and co-existed lung diseases. The association between the risk of lung cancer and vaccination appeared to be dose-dependent (adjusted HRs: 0.91 (0.66–1.25), 0.49 (0.34–0.71), and 0.25 (0.17–0.38) for patients who received 1, 2 or 3, and ≥4 vaccinations during the follow-up period, respectively). In conclusion, Influenza vaccination decreased the risk of lung cancer in patients diagnosed with CKD. This potentially protective effect against lung cancer appeared to be dose dependent.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2926
JournalCancers
Volume14
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022

Keywords

  • chronic kidney disease
  • influenza vaccination
  • lung cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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