Induction of human NF-IL6β by epidermal growth factor is mediated through the p38 signaling pathway and cAMP response element-binding protein activation in A431 cells

Ju Ming Wang, Joseph T. Tseng, Wen Chang Chang

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The CCAAT/enhancer binding protein δ (C/EBPδ, CRP3, CELF, NF-IL6β) regulates gene expression and plays functional roles in many tissues, such as in acute phase response to inflammatory stimuli, adipocyte differentiation, and mammary epithelial cell growth control. In this study, we examined the expression of human C/EBPδ (NF-IL6β) gene by epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulation in human epidermoid carcinoma A431 cells. NF-IL6β was an immediate-early gene activated by the EGF-induced signaling pathways in cells. By using 5′-serial deletion reporter analysis, we showed that the region comprising the -347 to +9 base pairs was required for EGF response of the NF-IL6β promoter. This region contains putative consensus binding sequences of Sp1 and cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB). The NF-IL6β promoter activity induced by EGF was abolished by mutating the sequence of cAMP response element or Sp1 sites in the -347/+9 base pairs region. Both in vitro and in vivo DNA binding assay revealed that the CREB binding activity was low in EGF-starved cells, whereas it was induced within 30 min after EGF treatment of A431 cells. However, no change in Sp1 binding activity was found by EGF treatment. Moreover, the phosphatidylinositol 3 (PI3)-kinase inhibitor (wortmannin) and p38MAPK inhibitor (SB203580) inhibited the EGF-induced CREB phosphorylation and the expression of NF-IL6β gene in cells. We also demonstrated that CREB was involved in regulating the NF-IL6β gene transcriptional activity mediated by p38MAPK. Our results suggested that PI3-kinase/p38MAPK/CREB pathway contributed to the EGF activation of NF-IL6β gene expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3365-3376
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Biology of the Cell
Volume16
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Protein-beta
Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein
Epidermal Growth Factor
Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase
Base Pairing
CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins
Genes
Gene Expression
Acute-Phase Reaction
Immediate-Early Genes
Consensus Sequence
Response Elements
Protein C
Adipocytes
Protein Binding
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Breast
Epithelial Cells
Phosphorylation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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title = "Induction of human NF-IL6β by epidermal growth factor is mediated through the p38 signaling pathway and cAMP response element-binding protein activation in A431 cells",
abstract = "The CCAAT/enhancer binding protein δ (C/EBPδ, CRP3, CELF, NF-IL6β) regulates gene expression and plays functional roles in many tissues, such as in acute phase response to inflammatory stimuli, adipocyte differentiation, and mammary epithelial cell growth control. In this study, we examined the expression of human C/EBPδ (NF-IL6β) gene by epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulation in human epidermoid carcinoma A431 cells. NF-IL6β was an immediate-early gene activated by the EGF-induced signaling pathways in cells. By using 5′-serial deletion reporter analysis, we showed that the region comprising the -347 to +9 base pairs was required for EGF response of the NF-IL6β promoter. This region contains putative consensus binding sequences of Sp1 and cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB). The NF-IL6β promoter activity induced by EGF was abolished by mutating the sequence of cAMP response element or Sp1 sites in the -347/+9 base pairs region. Both in vitro and in vivo DNA binding assay revealed that the CREB binding activity was low in EGF-starved cells, whereas it was induced within 30 min after EGF treatment of A431 cells. However, no change in Sp1 binding activity was found by EGF treatment. Moreover, the phosphatidylinositol 3 (PI3)-kinase inhibitor (wortmannin) and p38MAPK inhibitor (SB203580) inhibited the EGF-induced CREB phosphorylation and the expression of NF-IL6β gene in cells. We also demonstrated that CREB was involved in regulating the NF-IL6β gene transcriptional activity mediated by p38MAPK. Our results suggested that PI3-kinase/p38MAPK/CREB pathway contributed to the EGF activation of NF-IL6β gene expression.",
author = "Wang, {Ju Ming} and Tseng, {Joseph T.} and Chang, {Wen Chang}",
year = "2005",
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