9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, the toxic effect of sanguinarine (SANG) on heart was studied with isolated cardiac muscle strip isolated from Wistar rat. SANG induced positive inotropic action followed by contracture on the left ventricle and both atria strips. In addition, SANG dose-dependently inhibited spontaneous beat of the right atrium. SANG-induced contracture was completely suppressed by pretreatment with La3+ or in a Ca2+ free Tyrode solution containing 2.5 mM EGTA. Incubating isolated cardiomyocytes with SANG enhanced the 45Ca2+ influx, which could be inhibited by pretreatment with La3+. However, the SANG-induced 45Ca2+ influx could not be inhibited by pretreatment with other Ca2+ channel blockers, such as nifedipine, verapamil, diltiazem, nickel and manganese, and amiloride. Although antioxidants can inhibit the SANG-induced lipid peroxidation, they could not prevent the SANG-induced contracture. N-acetylcysteine and dithiothreitol, the sulfhydryl reducing agents, were shown to be effective in preventing the SANG-induced contracture. These data suggested that the SANG-induced contracture is caused by the influx of extracellular Ca2+ through a La3+-sensitive Ca2+ channel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)399-407
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biomedical Science
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2005

Fingerprint

Contracture
Muscle
Myocardium
sanguinarine
Cardiotoxicity
Diltiazem
Amiloride
Dithiothreitol
Poisons
Egtazic Acid
Reducing Agents
Acetylcysteine
Nifedipine
Manganese
Verapamil
Heart Atria
Nickel
Cardiac Myocytes
Lipid Peroxidation
Heart Ventricles

Keywords

  • Ca permeability
  • Cardiac
  • Contracture
  • Sanguinarine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Induction of contracture and extracellular Ca2+ influx in cardiac muscle by sanguinarine : A study on cardiotoxicity of sanguinarine. / Chien, Ming Hu; Yu, Wen Cheng; Jiunn, Wang Liao; Huei, Wen Cheng; Jaw, Jou Kang.

In: Journal of Biomedical Science, Vol. 12, No. 2, 03.2005, p. 399-407.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "In this study, the toxic effect of sanguinarine (SANG) on heart was studied with isolated cardiac muscle strip isolated from Wistar rat. SANG induced positive inotropic action followed by contracture on the left ventricle and both atria strips. In addition, SANG dose-dependently inhibited spontaneous beat of the right atrium. SANG-induced contracture was completely suppressed by pretreatment with La3+ or in a Ca2+ free Tyrode solution containing 2.5 mM EGTA. Incubating isolated cardiomyocytes with SANG enhanced the 45Ca2+ influx, which could be inhibited by pretreatment with La3+. However, the SANG-induced 45Ca2+ influx could not be inhibited by pretreatment with other Ca2+ channel blockers, such as nifedipine, verapamil, diltiazem, nickel and manganese, and amiloride. Although antioxidants can inhibit the SANG-induced lipid peroxidation, they could not prevent the SANG-induced contracture. N-acetylcysteine and dithiothreitol, the sulfhydryl reducing agents, were shown to be effective in preventing the SANG-induced contracture. These data suggested that the SANG-induced contracture is caused by the influx of extracellular Ca2+ through a La3+-sensitive Ca2+ channel.",
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AB - In this study, the toxic effect of sanguinarine (SANG) on heart was studied with isolated cardiac muscle strip isolated from Wistar rat. SANG induced positive inotropic action followed by contracture on the left ventricle and both atria strips. In addition, SANG dose-dependently inhibited spontaneous beat of the right atrium. SANG-induced contracture was completely suppressed by pretreatment with La3+ or in a Ca2+ free Tyrode solution containing 2.5 mM EGTA. Incubating isolated cardiomyocytes with SANG enhanced the 45Ca2+ influx, which could be inhibited by pretreatment with La3+. However, the SANG-induced 45Ca2+ influx could not be inhibited by pretreatment with other Ca2+ channel blockers, such as nifedipine, verapamil, diltiazem, nickel and manganese, and amiloride. Although antioxidants can inhibit the SANG-induced lipid peroxidation, they could not prevent the SANG-induced contracture. N-acetylcysteine and dithiothreitol, the sulfhydryl reducing agents, were shown to be effective in preventing the SANG-induced contracture. These data suggested that the SANG-induced contracture is caused by the influx of extracellular Ca2+ through a La3+-sensitive Ca2+ channel.

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