Independent prognostic factors for fatality in patients with invasive Vibrio cholerae non-O1 infections

Tsong Yih Ou, Jien Wei Liu, Hsieh Shong Leu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To identify independent prognostic factors for fatality, 73 patients with a total of 75 episodes of invasive Vibrio cholerae non -O1 infections treated from July 1998 through October 2001 at 2 medical centers were retrospectively studied. The demographic, laboratory, and clinical information of these patients were collected and analyzed. The overall mortality rate was 36%. Multivariate analysis revealed that severe liver cirrhosis (p=0.003; odds ratio [OR], 14.12, with 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.49-79.91), malignancy (p=0.034; OR, 3.9, with 95% CI 1.11-13. 7), and steroid use (p=0.011; OR, 12.37, with 95% CI 1.79-85.49) were independent risk factors for fatality. These findings suggest that patients at high risk of fatality should be hospitalized and aggressively treated when V. cholerae non-O1 infections develop, and that public education on how to avoid exposure to V. cholerae non-O1 is important for the high-risk population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-122
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection
Volume36
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Malignancy
  • Risk factor
  • Steroid
  • Vibrio cholerae non-O1 infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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