Increased risk of ischemic stroke in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus:A nationwide population-based study

Chun Chih Chiu, Chin Chou Huang, Wan Leong Chan, Chia Min Chung, Po Hsun Huang, Shing Jong Lin, Jaw Wen Chen, Hsin Bang Leu

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33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has been reported to be associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. However, most studies have been criticized for either a small sample size or the lack of a prospective control. Our study investigated the relationship of SLE and the subsequent development of ischemic stroke using a nationwide, population-based database in an Asian population. Methods From 2000 to 2007, we identified a study cohort consisting of a total of 11,637 newly diagnosed SLE patients using the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. A control cohort of 58,185 subjects without SLE, matched for age, gender, and comorbidities were selected for comparison to observe the occurrence of ischemic stroke in these two groups. Results During a follow-up period of up to 7 years, ischemic stroke developed in 258 (2.22%) of the patients with SLE and in 873 (1.5%) of patients in the comparison cohort. Kaplan-Meier analysis also revealed a tendency of SLE patients toward ischemic stroke development (log rank test, p = 0.001). After Cox model adjustment for patients' demographic characteristics and selected comorbidities, patients with SLE were found to have a 1.67-fold (95% CI, 1.45 to 1.91) higher risk of developing ischemic stroke. Conclusion Patients with SLE have an increased risk of stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-21
Number of pages5
JournalInternal Medicine
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 4 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Stroke
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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