九二一地震創傷後壓力症候群之發生率與危險因子

Translated title of the contribution: Incidence and Risk Factors for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder After Chi-Chi Earthquake in Taiwan.

Wai Mau Choi, Mau-Roung Lin, Cheuk-Sing Choy, Yih-Shyan Chen, Li-Hua Lu, Kuo Song Chang, Wen-Ta Chiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

On September 21, 1999, the Chi-Chi area of Nau-tou County, central Taiwan was severely damaged by a major earthquake, which measured 7.3 on the Richter scale.This rare disaster produced a catastrophic effect, and survivors who were exposed
to this disaster were associated with increased psychological distress, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study attempted to investigate the prevalence of PTSD immediately after 3 months and 2 years after the earthquake;we also analyzed the symptomatology of PTSD and its relationship with age, gender, loss of job or home, and injury or death of relatives. In total, 339 victims were interviewed with a questionnaire translated from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV). Seventy-four victims (22.29%) met the criteria of PTSD, among whom 35 were male and 39 were female. PTSD was correlated with injury, destruction of one's house and the use of hypnotics. Those who were injuried and taking hypnotics were more predisposed to experiencing PTSD. Two years after the earthquake, 19 victims (5.72%) met the criteria of chronic PTSD, including 9 males and 10 females. Chronic PTSD was correlated with age, destruction of one's house and use of hypnotics. Those who depended on hypnotics were more predisposed to experiencing chronic PTSD. If symptoms of re-experience, avoidance and/or hyperarousal persist, emergency or primary care physicians must transfer the victim to a psychiatrist for further evaluation and treatment in order to prevent patients from progressing into a chronic state.
Original languageTraditional Chinese
Pages (from-to)47-58
JournalJournal of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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Earthquakes
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Taiwan
Incidence
Hypnotics and Sedatives
Disasters
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Wounds and Injuries
Primary Care Physicians
Emergency Medical Services
Psychiatry
Survivors
Psychology

Cite this

Choi, W. M., Lin, M-R., Choy, C-S., Chen, Y-S., Lu, L-H., Chang, K. S., & Chiu, W-T. (2004). 九二一地震創傷後壓力症候群之發生率與危險因子. Journal of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, 47-58.

九二一地震創傷後壓力症候群之發生率與危險因子. / Choi, Wai Mau; Lin, Mau-Roung; Choy, Cheuk-Sing; Chen, Yih-Shyan; Lu, Li-Hua; Chang, Kuo Song; Chiu, Wen-Ta.

In: Journal of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, 2004, p. 47-58.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Choi, WM, Lin, M-R, Choy, C-S, Chen, Y-S, Lu, L-H, Chang, KS & Chiu, W-T 2004, '九二一地震創傷後壓力症候群之發生率與危險因子', Journal of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, pp. 47-58.
Choi, Wai Mau ; Lin, Mau-Roung ; Choy, Cheuk-Sing ; Chen, Yih-Shyan ; Lu, Li-Hua ; Chang, Kuo Song ; Chiu, Wen-Ta. / 九二一地震創傷後壓力症候群之發生率與危險因子. In: Journal of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine. 2004 ; pp. 47-58.
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abstract = "民國八十八年九月二十一日凌晨一時四十七分,台灣發生了近百年來最嚴重的地震,震央在集集地區,規模為芮氏 7.3 級強烈地震。這次罕見的嚴重災害造成災民精神及肉體上重大壓力,且有部份災民出現了創傷後壓力障礙反應,對個人及家庭造成影響。本研究旨在調查九二一地震發生後創傷後壓力症候群(post-traumatic stress disorder; PTSD)之發生率,地震二年後慢性 PTSD 之發生率,探討災民創傷後壓力的症狀出現比率及差異,分析年齡、性別、失業、房屋損毀、地震中受傷、遭遇其他災難及創傷後壓力疾患之關係。本研究對象來自於88 年 9 月 21 日至 88 年 9 月 30 日到南投縣六家地區醫院急診及門診就醫的病患,由中央健保局,南投縣衛生局及南投縣六家地區醫院提供就醫名單,以未患有精神疾病記錄及震災後有行為或情緒困擾者共 339 人納入問卷調查。問卷根據精神疾病診斷手冊第四版(DSM-IV)對創傷後壓力症候群(PTSD)的定義為診斷標準。地震後符合 PTSD 診斷的災民 74 名(22.29{\%}) ,其中男性患者佔所有男性受訪者的 18.52{\%},女性患者佔所有女性受訪者的 27.27{\%}。PTSD 與地震中受傷,房屋損毀,服用安眠藥有關。地震中有受傷,地震後有開始依賴安眠藥者容易有 PTSD症狀。地震二年後符合慢性 PTSD 診斷的災民 19 名(5.72{\%}) ,其中男性患者佔所有男性受訪者的 4.76{\%},女性患者佔所有女性受訪者的 6.99{\%}。慢性 PTSD 與年齡(p=0.049)、房屋損毀(p = 0.009)及服用安眠藥(p = 0.001)有關,與性別、失業及地震中受傷無關。地震後有開始依賴安眠藥者較易發展為慢性 PTSD (p =0.001)。",
author = "Choi, {Wai Mau} and Mau-Roung Lin and Cheuk-Sing Choy and Yih-Shyan Chen and Li-Hua Lu and Chang, {Kuo Song} and Wen-Ta Chiu",
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pages = "47--58",
journal = "Journal of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine",

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T1 - 九二一地震創傷後壓力症候群之發生率與危險因子

AU - Choi, Wai Mau

AU - Lin, Mau-Roung

AU - Choy, Cheuk-Sing

AU - Chen, Yih-Shyan

AU - Lu, Li-Hua

AU - Chang, Kuo Song

AU - Chiu, Wen-Ta

PY - 2004

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N2 - 民國八十八年九月二十一日凌晨一時四十七分,台灣發生了近百年來最嚴重的地震,震央在集集地區,規模為芮氏 7.3 級強烈地震。這次罕見的嚴重災害造成災民精神及肉體上重大壓力,且有部份災民出現了創傷後壓力障礙反應,對個人及家庭造成影響。本研究旨在調查九二一地震發生後創傷後壓力症候群(post-traumatic stress disorder; PTSD)之發生率,地震二年後慢性 PTSD 之發生率,探討災民創傷後壓力的症狀出現比率及差異,分析年齡、性別、失業、房屋損毀、地震中受傷、遭遇其他災難及創傷後壓力疾患之關係。本研究對象來自於88 年 9 月 21 日至 88 年 9 月 30 日到南投縣六家地區醫院急診及門診就醫的病患,由中央健保局,南投縣衛生局及南投縣六家地區醫院提供就醫名單,以未患有精神疾病記錄及震災後有行為或情緒困擾者共 339 人納入問卷調查。問卷根據精神疾病診斷手冊第四版(DSM-IV)對創傷後壓力症候群(PTSD)的定義為診斷標準。地震後符合 PTSD 診斷的災民 74 名(22.29%) ,其中男性患者佔所有男性受訪者的 18.52%,女性患者佔所有女性受訪者的 27.27%。PTSD 與地震中受傷,房屋損毀,服用安眠藥有關。地震中有受傷,地震後有開始依賴安眠藥者容易有 PTSD症狀。地震二年後符合慢性 PTSD 診斷的災民 19 名(5.72%) ,其中男性患者佔所有男性受訪者的 4.76%,女性患者佔所有女性受訪者的 6.99%。慢性 PTSD 與年齡(p=0.049)、房屋損毀(p = 0.009)及服用安眠藥(p = 0.001)有關,與性別、失業及地震中受傷無關。地震後有開始依賴安眠藥者較易發展為慢性 PTSD (p =0.001)。

AB - 民國八十八年九月二十一日凌晨一時四十七分,台灣發生了近百年來最嚴重的地震,震央在集集地區,規模為芮氏 7.3 級強烈地震。這次罕見的嚴重災害造成災民精神及肉體上重大壓力,且有部份災民出現了創傷後壓力障礙反應,對個人及家庭造成影響。本研究旨在調查九二一地震發生後創傷後壓力症候群(post-traumatic stress disorder; PTSD)之發生率,地震二年後慢性 PTSD 之發生率,探討災民創傷後壓力的症狀出現比率及差異,分析年齡、性別、失業、房屋損毀、地震中受傷、遭遇其他災難及創傷後壓力疾患之關係。本研究對象來自於88 年 9 月 21 日至 88 年 9 月 30 日到南投縣六家地區醫院急診及門診就醫的病患,由中央健保局,南投縣衛生局及南投縣六家地區醫院提供就醫名單,以未患有精神疾病記錄及震災後有行為或情緒困擾者共 339 人納入問卷調查。問卷根據精神疾病診斷手冊第四版(DSM-IV)對創傷後壓力症候群(PTSD)的定義為診斷標準。地震後符合 PTSD 診斷的災民 74 名(22.29%) ,其中男性患者佔所有男性受訪者的 18.52%,女性患者佔所有女性受訪者的 27.27%。PTSD 與地震中受傷,房屋損毀,服用安眠藥有關。地震中有受傷,地震後有開始依賴安眠藥者容易有 PTSD症狀。地震二年後符合慢性 PTSD 診斷的災民 19 名(5.72%) ,其中男性患者佔所有男性受訪者的 4.76%,女性患者佔所有女性受訪者的 6.99%。慢性 PTSD 與年齡(p=0.049)、房屋損毀(p = 0.009)及服用安眠藥(p = 0.001)有關,與性別、失業及地震中受傷無關。地震後有開始依賴安眠藥者較易發展為慢性 PTSD (p =0.001)。

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