In younger dialysis patients, automated peritoneal dialysis is associated with better long-term patient and technique survival than is continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis

Chiao Yin Sun, Chin Chan Lee, Yu Yin Lin, Mai-Szu Wu

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: In the U.S. Renal Data System registry, technique and patient survival are similar with automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). The clinical outcomes of APD and CAPD in various age groups have not been clarified. Objectives: We investigated whether patient and technique survival are different for incident dialysis patients treated with APD or CAPD in two age groups. Methods: Our retrospective study of prospectively collected data included 282 incident peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients (161 on APD, 121 on CAPD). Patients on PD for less than 3 months were excluded. The patients were divided into those less than 65 years of age and those 65 years of age or older. Overall mortality and technique failure were the primary endpoints of the study. Hazard ratios (HRs) for mortality and technique failure were calculated by the Cox proportional hazards model and were adjusted for age, sex, diabetes mellitus, initial peritoneal equilibration test (PET), weekly peritoneal and renal creatinine clearances, and PD caregiver (self or other). Results: The characteristics and clinical data were not significantly different between patients on APD and CAPD, except for age and sex. The adjusted risk for overall mortality was not different between patients on APD and CAPD (HR: 0.72; 95% CI: 0.44 to 1.20; p = 0.207). The adjusted risk for technique failure was lower in APD patients than in CAPD patients (HR: 0.58; 95% CI: 0.34 to 0.98; p = 0.041). In patients less than 65 years of age, those on APD had a significantly lower risk of mortality (HR: 0.35; 95% CI: 0.16 to 0.75; p = 0.007) and technique failure (HR: 0.52; 95% CI: 0.28 to 0.95; p = 0.034) than did those on CAPD. In patients 65 years of age and older, those on APD had risks for mortality (HR: 1.14; 95% CI: 0.53 to 2.46; p = 0.730) and technique failure (HR: 0.51; 95% CI: 0.17 to 1.50; p = 0.220) that were similar to those of patients on CAPD. Nutrition status, including serum albumin and protein catabolic rate, was not significantly different between patients on APD and on CAPD, in either younger or older patients. Conclusions: Younger Chinese patients on APD have better patient and technique survival than do those on CAPD. However, there is a strong possibility that this benefit may be confounded or accounted for by baseline differences between the APD and CAPD populations

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-307
Number of pages7
JournalPeritoneal Dialysis International
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis
Peritoneal Dialysis
Dialysis
Survival
Mortality
Age Groups
Kidney
Nutritional Status

Keywords

  • Automated peritoneal dialysis
  • Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
  • Mortality
  • Technique survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

Cite this

@article{f4810c6e00c44355b0dfcd1bc2916930,
title = "In younger dialysis patients, automated peritoneal dialysis is associated with better long-term patient and technique survival than is continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis",
abstract = "Background: In the U.S. Renal Data System registry, technique and patient survival are similar with automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). The clinical outcomes of APD and CAPD in various age groups have not been clarified. Objectives: We investigated whether patient and technique survival are different for incident dialysis patients treated with APD or CAPD in two age groups. Methods: Our retrospective study of prospectively collected data included 282 incident peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients (161 on APD, 121 on CAPD). Patients on PD for less than 3 months were excluded. The patients were divided into those less than 65 years of age and those 65 years of age or older. Overall mortality and technique failure were the primary endpoints of the study. Hazard ratios (HRs) for mortality and technique failure were calculated by the Cox proportional hazards model and were adjusted for age, sex, diabetes mellitus, initial peritoneal equilibration test (PET), weekly peritoneal and renal creatinine clearances, and PD caregiver (self or other). Results: The characteristics and clinical data were not significantly different between patients on APD and CAPD, except for age and sex. The adjusted risk for overall mortality was not different between patients on APD and CAPD (HR: 0.72; 95{\%} CI: 0.44 to 1.20; p = 0.207). The adjusted risk for technique failure was lower in APD patients than in CAPD patients (HR: 0.58; 95{\%} CI: 0.34 to 0.98; p = 0.041). In patients less than 65 years of age, those on APD had a significantly lower risk of mortality (HR: 0.35; 95{\%} CI: 0.16 to 0.75; p = 0.007) and technique failure (HR: 0.52; 95{\%} CI: 0.28 to 0.95; p = 0.034) than did those on CAPD. In patients 65 years of age and older, those on APD had risks for mortality (HR: 1.14; 95{\%} CI: 0.53 to 2.46; p = 0.730) and technique failure (HR: 0.51; 95{\%} CI: 0.17 to 1.50; p = 0.220) that were similar to those of patients on CAPD. Nutrition status, including serum albumin and protein catabolic rate, was not significantly different between patients on APD and on CAPD, in either younger or older patients. Conclusions: Younger Chinese patients on APD have better patient and technique survival than do those on CAPD. However, there is a strong possibility that this benefit may be confounded or accounted for by baseline differences between the APD and CAPD populations",
keywords = "Automated peritoneal dialysis, Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, Mortality, Technique survival",
author = "Sun, {Chiao Yin} and Lee, {Chin Chan} and Lin, {Yu Yin} and Mai-Szu Wu",
year = "2011",
month = "5",
doi = "10.3747/pdi.2010.00072",
language = "English",
volume = "31",
pages = "301--307",
journal = "Peritoneal Dialysis International",
issn = "0896-8608",
publisher = "Multimed Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - In younger dialysis patients, automated peritoneal dialysis is associated with better long-term patient and technique survival than is continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis

AU - Sun, Chiao Yin

AU - Lee, Chin Chan

AU - Lin, Yu Yin

AU - Wu, Mai-Szu

PY - 2011/5

Y1 - 2011/5

N2 - Background: In the U.S. Renal Data System registry, technique and patient survival are similar with automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). The clinical outcomes of APD and CAPD in various age groups have not been clarified. Objectives: We investigated whether patient and technique survival are different for incident dialysis patients treated with APD or CAPD in two age groups. Methods: Our retrospective study of prospectively collected data included 282 incident peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients (161 on APD, 121 on CAPD). Patients on PD for less than 3 months were excluded. The patients were divided into those less than 65 years of age and those 65 years of age or older. Overall mortality and technique failure were the primary endpoints of the study. Hazard ratios (HRs) for mortality and technique failure were calculated by the Cox proportional hazards model and were adjusted for age, sex, diabetes mellitus, initial peritoneal equilibration test (PET), weekly peritoneal and renal creatinine clearances, and PD caregiver (self or other). Results: The characteristics and clinical data were not significantly different between patients on APD and CAPD, except for age and sex. The adjusted risk for overall mortality was not different between patients on APD and CAPD (HR: 0.72; 95% CI: 0.44 to 1.20; p = 0.207). The adjusted risk for technique failure was lower in APD patients than in CAPD patients (HR: 0.58; 95% CI: 0.34 to 0.98; p = 0.041). In patients less than 65 years of age, those on APD had a significantly lower risk of mortality (HR: 0.35; 95% CI: 0.16 to 0.75; p = 0.007) and technique failure (HR: 0.52; 95% CI: 0.28 to 0.95; p = 0.034) than did those on CAPD. In patients 65 years of age and older, those on APD had risks for mortality (HR: 1.14; 95% CI: 0.53 to 2.46; p = 0.730) and technique failure (HR: 0.51; 95% CI: 0.17 to 1.50; p = 0.220) that were similar to those of patients on CAPD. Nutrition status, including serum albumin and protein catabolic rate, was not significantly different between patients on APD and on CAPD, in either younger or older patients. Conclusions: Younger Chinese patients on APD have better patient and technique survival than do those on CAPD. However, there is a strong possibility that this benefit may be confounded or accounted for by baseline differences between the APD and CAPD populations

AB - Background: In the U.S. Renal Data System registry, technique and patient survival are similar with automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). The clinical outcomes of APD and CAPD in various age groups have not been clarified. Objectives: We investigated whether patient and technique survival are different for incident dialysis patients treated with APD or CAPD in two age groups. Methods: Our retrospective study of prospectively collected data included 282 incident peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients (161 on APD, 121 on CAPD). Patients on PD for less than 3 months were excluded. The patients were divided into those less than 65 years of age and those 65 years of age or older. Overall mortality and technique failure were the primary endpoints of the study. Hazard ratios (HRs) for mortality and technique failure were calculated by the Cox proportional hazards model and were adjusted for age, sex, diabetes mellitus, initial peritoneal equilibration test (PET), weekly peritoneal and renal creatinine clearances, and PD caregiver (self or other). Results: The characteristics and clinical data were not significantly different between patients on APD and CAPD, except for age and sex. The adjusted risk for overall mortality was not different between patients on APD and CAPD (HR: 0.72; 95% CI: 0.44 to 1.20; p = 0.207). The adjusted risk for technique failure was lower in APD patients than in CAPD patients (HR: 0.58; 95% CI: 0.34 to 0.98; p = 0.041). In patients less than 65 years of age, those on APD had a significantly lower risk of mortality (HR: 0.35; 95% CI: 0.16 to 0.75; p = 0.007) and technique failure (HR: 0.52; 95% CI: 0.28 to 0.95; p = 0.034) than did those on CAPD. In patients 65 years of age and older, those on APD had risks for mortality (HR: 1.14; 95% CI: 0.53 to 2.46; p = 0.730) and technique failure (HR: 0.51; 95% CI: 0.17 to 1.50; p = 0.220) that were similar to those of patients on CAPD. Nutrition status, including serum albumin and protein catabolic rate, was not significantly different between patients on APD and on CAPD, in either younger or older patients. Conclusions: Younger Chinese patients on APD have better patient and technique survival than do those on CAPD. However, there is a strong possibility that this benefit may be confounded or accounted for by baseline differences between the APD and CAPD populations

KW - Automated peritoneal dialysis

KW - Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis

KW - Mortality

KW - Technique survival

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U2 - 10.3747/pdi.2010.00072

DO - 10.3747/pdi.2010.00072

M3 - Article

C2 - 21282373

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VL - 31

SP - 301

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JO - Peritoneal Dialysis International

JF - Peritoneal Dialysis International

SN - 0896-8608

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