In vitro study of dentin hypersensitivity treated by Nd:YAP laser and bioglass

Bor Shiunn Lee, Chun Wei Chang, Weng Pin Chen, Wan Hong Lan, Chun Pin Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An ideal material has yet to be discovered that can completely treat dentin hypersensitivity. However, if a highly biocompatible material such as bioglass, could be melted by laser irradiation to achieve better sealing depth for dentinal tubules, it may subsequently bond to dentin structures under a physiological environment and offer a prolonged therapeutic effect. The authors used four types of energy parameters to melt the composition-modified bioglass. These four types were 30 Hz, 330 mJ/pulse (G+ mode), 30 Hz, 160 mJ/pulse (G- mode), 10 Hz, 400 mJ/pulse (D+ mode), and 10 Hz, 200 mJ/pulse (D- mode). The temperature elevation, occlusive depth of bioglass, and phase changes in the bioglass after laser irradiation were evaluated by means of scanning electron microscope (SEM), thermometer, and X-ray diffractometer (XRD). The occlusive depths of 2 and 10 μm in the dentinal tubules were achieved when the bioglass underwent 30 Hz, 160 mJ/pulse (G- mode) and 30 Hz, 330 mJ/pulse (G+ mode) of laser treatments, respectively. The bioglass experienced a temperature increase of less than 600 °C, and no phase transformation was observed after Nd:YAP laser irradiation. The melting point of a composition-modified bioglass could be reduced and its use plus Nd:YAP laser have the potential in clinical use to treat dentin hypersensitivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)511-519
Number of pages9
JournalDental Materials
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2005

Keywords

  • Bioglass
  • Dentin hypersensitivity
  • Nd:YAP laser

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials

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