In vitro activities of cefiderocol, ceftolozane/tazobactam, ceftazidime/avibactam and other comparative drugs against imipenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii, and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, all associated with bloodstream infections in Taiwan

Shun Chung Hsueh, Yuarn Jang Lee, Yu Tsung Huang, Chun Hsing Liao, Masakatsu Tsuji, Po Ren Hsueh

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Abstract

Objectives We investigated the in vitro activities of cefiderocol, ceftazidime/avibactam, ceftolozane/tazobactam and other related drugs against imipenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa, imipenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia isolates. Methods Non-duplicated bacteraemia isolates (n = 300) of imipenem-resistant P. aeruginosa (n = 100), imipenem-resistant A. baumannii (n = 100) and S. maltophilia (n = 100) were evaluated. Imipenem-resistant P. aeruginosa and imipenem-resistant A. baumannii isolates were defined as isolates exhibiting imipenem MIC ≥8 mg/L, as determined using the VITEK 2 system. The MICs of 11 other antimicrobial agents for the isolates were determined by the broth microdilution method. Iron-depleted CAMHB was used to determine the MICs of cefiderocol. Results The rates of colistin resistance of imipenem-resistant P. aeruginosa and imipenem-resistant A. baumannii were 5% and 10%, respectively. The MIC 90 values of cefiderocol, ceftolozane/tazobactam, ceftazidime/avibactam, tigecycline and colistin were as follows: Imipenem-resistant P. aeruginosa: 1, 4, 16, >4 and 2 mg/L; imipenem-resistant A. baumannii: 8, >64, >64, 4 and 2 mg/L; and S. maltophilia: 0.25, >64, >64, 2 and >8 mg/L, respectively. For imipenem-resistant A. baumannii isolates, the MICs of cefiderocol, ceftolozane/tazobactam and ceftazidime/avibactam were ≤4 mg/L for 88%, 8% and 1% of the isolates, respectively. Cefiderocol MICs were ≤4 mg/L for the five colistin-resistant imipenem-resistant P. aeruginosa isolates and 70% of the 10 colistin-resistant imipenem-resistant A. baumannii isolates. Conclusions Cefiderocol exhibited more potent in vitro activity than ceftolozane/tazobactam and ceftazidime/avibactam against imipenem-resistant P. aeruginosa, imipenem-resistant A. baumannii and S. maltophilia isolates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)380-386
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Volume74
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2019

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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