Improvements in sensitivity and in anti-aging of Pt/C/Nafion® gases sensors modified by chromium

Yu Chuan Liu, Bing Joe Hwang, Iou Jeng Tzeng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pt/C/Nafion® composite electrodes prepared by a hot-pressed method were modified by chromium (Cr) for sensing hydrogen and oxygen in this study. The results indicate that the sensitivities of the Cr-modified electrodes in sensing hydrogen and oxygen rise markedly from 0.716 to 0.771 and from 0.414 to 0.533 μA per ppm, respectively, and the response and the recovery times on the Cr-modified electrode are shortened. Meanwhile, the Cr-modified Pt/C/Nafion® electrode can depress the aging in continuously sensing oxygen for 250 h. After aging, the sensitivities of the Pt/C/Nafion® electrode and the Cr-modified Pt/C/Nafion® electrode decrease by 81 and 65%, respectively. Generally, both the response and the recovery times decrease significantly with increasing gases concentrations. A sensing model was also proposed to illustrate the sensing phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-90
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Volume533
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 20 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Chromium
Chemical sensors
Aging of materials
Electrodes
Oxygen
Hydrogen
Recovery
perfluorosulfonic acid
Gases
Composite materials

Keywords

  • Amperometric sensor
  • Chromium
  • Pt/C/Nafion®

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry

Cite this

Improvements in sensitivity and in anti-aging of Pt/C/Nafion® gases sensors modified by chromium. / Liu, Yu Chuan; Hwang, Bing Joe; Tzeng, Iou Jeng.

In: Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Vol. 533, No. 1-2, 20.09.2002, p. 85-90.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Hwang, Bing Joe

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N2 - Pt/C/Nafion® composite electrodes prepared by a hot-pressed method were modified by chromium (Cr) for sensing hydrogen and oxygen in this study. The results indicate that the sensitivities of the Cr-modified electrodes in sensing hydrogen and oxygen rise markedly from 0.716 to 0.771 and from 0.414 to 0.533 μA per ppm, respectively, and the response and the recovery times on the Cr-modified electrode are shortened. Meanwhile, the Cr-modified Pt/C/Nafion® electrode can depress the aging in continuously sensing oxygen for 250 h. After aging, the sensitivities of the Pt/C/Nafion® electrode and the Cr-modified Pt/C/Nafion® electrode decrease by 81 and 65%, respectively. Generally, both the response and the recovery times decrease significantly with increasing gases concentrations. A sensing model was also proposed to illustrate the sensing phenomenon.

AB - Pt/C/Nafion® composite electrodes prepared by a hot-pressed method were modified by chromium (Cr) for sensing hydrogen and oxygen in this study. The results indicate that the sensitivities of the Cr-modified electrodes in sensing hydrogen and oxygen rise markedly from 0.716 to 0.771 and from 0.414 to 0.533 μA per ppm, respectively, and the response and the recovery times on the Cr-modified electrode are shortened. Meanwhile, the Cr-modified Pt/C/Nafion® electrode can depress the aging in continuously sensing oxygen for 250 h. After aging, the sensitivities of the Pt/C/Nafion® electrode and the Cr-modified Pt/C/Nafion® electrode decrease by 81 and 65%, respectively. Generally, both the response and the recovery times decrease significantly with increasing gases concentrations. A sensing model was also proposed to illustrate the sensing phenomenon.

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