Abstract

Objective: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a global scenario with high mortality and disability, which does not have an effectual and approved therapy till now. Bladder dysfunction is a major symptom after TBI, and this study deals with the alleviation of bladder function in TBI rats, with the aid of deep brain stimulations (DBS). Methods: TBI was induced by weight drop model (WDM) and standardized with the experimental subjects with variable heights for weight dropping. The rats survived after TBI were considered for bladder dysfunction observations. DBS with variable stimulation parameters like cystometric analysis and MRI studies were also performed. Results: After experimental studies, TBI 2-m-height crash was determined as suitable parameter due to minimal mortality rate and significant reduction in the voiding efficiency from 67 to 28%, whereas DBS significantly reversed the value of voiding efficiency to 65–84%. MRI studies revealed the severity of TBI impact and DBS localization. Conclusion: The results showed profound therapeutic effect of PnO-DBS on voiding functions and bladder control on TBI rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-52
JournalInternational Urology and Nephrology
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 3 2019

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Deep Brain Stimulation
Urinary Bladder
Brain
Weights and Measures
Mortality
Traumatic Brain Injury
Therapeutic Uses

Keywords

  • Cystometric analysis
  • Deep brain stimulations
  • PnO
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Weight drop model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Urology

Cite this

Improved voiding function by deep brain stimulation in traumatic brain-injured animals with bladder dysfunctions. / Praveen Rajneesh, Chellappan; Lai, Chien Hung; Chen, Shih Ching; Hsieh, Tsung Hsun; Chin, Hung Yen; Peng, Chih Wei.

In: International Urology and Nephrology, Vol. 51, No. 1, 03.01.2019, p. 41-52.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Lai, Chien Hung

AU - Chen, Shih Ching

AU - Hsieh, Tsung Hsun

AU - Chin, Hung Yen

AU - Peng, Chih Wei

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AB - Objective: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a global scenario with high mortality and disability, which does not have an effectual and approved therapy till now. Bladder dysfunction is a major symptom after TBI, and this study deals with the alleviation of bladder function in TBI rats, with the aid of deep brain stimulations (DBS). Methods: TBI was induced by weight drop model (WDM) and standardized with the experimental subjects with variable heights for weight dropping. The rats survived after TBI were considered for bladder dysfunction observations. DBS with variable stimulation parameters like cystometric analysis and MRI studies were also performed. Results: After experimental studies, TBI 2-m-height crash was determined as suitable parameter due to minimal mortality rate and significant reduction in the voiding efficiency from 67 to 28%, whereas DBS significantly reversed the value of voiding efficiency to 65–84%. MRI studies revealed the severity of TBI impact and DBS localization. Conclusion: The results showed profound therapeutic effect of PnO-DBS on voiding functions and bladder control on TBI rats.

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