Implementation of evidence-based practice across medical, nursing, pharmacological and allied healthcare professionals: A questionnaire survey in nationwide hospital settings

Yi Hao Weng, Ken N. Kuo, Chun Yuh Yang, Heng Lien Lo, Chieh-Feng Chen, Ya-Wen Chiu

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43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) is regarded as core competence to improve healthcare quality. In the current study, we investigated the EBP of six groups of professionals: physicians, nurses, pharmacists, physical therapists, technicians, and other allied healthcare personnel.Methods: A structured questionnaire survey of regional hospitals throughout Taiwan was conducted by post in 2011. Questionnaires were mailed to all healthcare workers of 11 randomly selected hospitals. Linear and logistic regression models were used to examine predictors for implementing EBP.Results: In total, 6,160 returned questionnaires, including 645 from physicians, 4,206 from nurses, 430 from pharmacists, 179 from physical therapists, 537 from technicians, and 163 from other allied healthcare professionals, were valid for the analysis. Physicians and pharmacists were more aware of EBP than were the other professional groups (p <0.001). Positive attitudes toward and beliefs in EBP were significantly lower among nurses than in the other groups (p <0.001). Physicians had more sufficient knowledge and skills of EBP than did the other professionals (p <0.001); in addition, they implemented EBP for clinical decision-making more often and perceived fewer personal barriers to EBP (p <0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that EBP implementation was associated with the following characteristics of participants: EBP training, having a faculty position, academic degree, one's profession, and perceptions (beliefs, attitudes, knowledge, skills and barriers).Conclusions: This study depicts various levels of EBP implementation among medical, nursing, pharmacological, and allied healthcare personnel. There were significant differences in their implementation of EBP. We observed that certain factors were associated with EBP implementation, including personal backgrounds and perceptions toward EBP. The data suggest that strategies for enhancing EBP implementation should differ for various groups of professionals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112
JournalImplementation Science
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 24 2013

Fingerprint

Evidence-Based Practice
Nursing
Pharmacology
Delivery of Health Care
Pharmacists
Physicians
Logistic Models
Physical Therapists
Nurses
Surveys and Questionnaires
Quality of Health Care
Taiwan
Mental Competency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Medicine(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health Informatics

Cite this

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title = "Implementation of evidence-based practice across medical, nursing, pharmacological and allied healthcare professionals: A questionnaire survey in nationwide hospital settings",
abstract = "Background: Implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) is regarded as core competence to improve healthcare quality. In the current study, we investigated the EBP of six groups of professionals: physicians, nurses, pharmacists, physical therapists, technicians, and other allied healthcare personnel.Methods: A structured questionnaire survey of regional hospitals throughout Taiwan was conducted by post in 2011. Questionnaires were mailed to all healthcare workers of 11 randomly selected hospitals. Linear and logistic regression models were used to examine predictors for implementing EBP.Results: In total, 6,160 returned questionnaires, including 645 from physicians, 4,206 from nurses, 430 from pharmacists, 179 from physical therapists, 537 from technicians, and 163 from other allied healthcare professionals, were valid for the analysis. Physicians and pharmacists were more aware of EBP than were the other professional groups (p <0.001). Positive attitudes toward and beliefs in EBP were significantly lower among nurses than in the other groups (p <0.001). Physicians had more sufficient knowledge and skills of EBP than did the other professionals (p <0.001); in addition, they implemented EBP for clinical decision-making more often and perceived fewer personal barriers to EBP (p <0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that EBP implementation was associated with the following characteristics of participants: EBP training, having a faculty position, academic degree, one's profession, and perceptions (beliefs, attitudes, knowledge, skills and barriers).Conclusions: This study depicts various levels of EBP implementation among medical, nursing, pharmacological, and allied healthcare personnel. There were significant differences in their implementation of EBP. We observed that certain factors were associated with EBP implementation, including personal backgrounds and perceptions toward EBP. The data suggest that strategies for enhancing EBP implementation should differ for various groups of professionals.",
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