Increasing evidence shows that dysregulated expression of long non-coding (lnc)RNAs can serve as diagnostic or prognostic markers in urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC), the most common pathological type of bladder cancer. lncRNA HOX transcript antisense RNA (HOTAIR) was shown to promote tumor progression and be associated with a poor prognosis in multiple cancers including bladder cancer. Polymorphisms of HOTAIR were recently linked to a predisposition for diverse malignancies. Herein we conducted a case-control study to evaluate whether genetic polymorphisms of HOTAIR were associated with UCC risk and clinicopathologic characteristics. Four loci (rs920778 T>C, rs1899663 G>T, rs4759314 A>G, and rs12427129, C>T) of HOTAIR were genotyped by a TaqMan allelic discrimination method in 431 cases and 862 controls. We found that female patients who carried AG + GG genotype of rs4759314 were associated with an increased UCC risk after controlling for age and tobacco consumption (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 1.92, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.01–3.64, p = 0.047) and a lower overall survival rate (p = 0.008). Moreover, patients with a smoking habit or younger age (≤65 years), who had at least one T allele of HOTAIR rs12427129 were at a higher risk of developing advance tumor T satge (p = 0.046), compared to those patients with CC homozygotes. In contrast, rs920778 C allele carriers were negatively correlated with the development of lymph node metastasis (OR = 0.51, 95% CI: 0.28–0.94, p = 0.031). Further analyses of clinical datasets revealed correlations of the expression of HOTAIR with tumor metastasis and a poor survival rate in patients with UCC. Our results verified the diverse impacts of HOTAIR variants on UCC susceptibility and clinicopathologic characteristics.
- Clinicopathologic characteristics
- HOX antisense intergenic RNA
- Long non-coding RNA
- Urothelial cell carcinoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas