Impact of epidermal growth factor receptor mutations on intracranial treatment response and survival after brain metastases in lung adenocarcinoma patients

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Abstract

Introduction: Brain metastases (BM) commonly occur in patients with lung adenocarcinoma and usually lead to a poor prognosis and quality of life despite of radiotherapy. Epidermal growth factor receptor ( EGFR) mutations have been widely demonstrated to be a predictive and prognostic factor for lung adenocarcinoma, however, its impact on BM from lung adenocarcinoma remains inconclusive. The present study aimed to elucidate the predictive role of EGFR mutations in BM treatment response and survival after BM in patients with lung adenocarcinoma. Material and methods: From January 2006 through February 2012, 180 of 505 lung adenocarcinoma patients developed BM during their disease course were reviewed for eligibility, and 139 patients, including 89 EGFR-mutant and 50 EGFR wild-type patients, were identified for analysis. Results: Of the patients eligible for evaluation of treatment response, up to 85% received radiotherapy and the remaining took EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) as the front modality for BM. EGFR-mutant patients, compared with EGFR wild-type patients, had significantly greater intracranial treatment response of BM (84% vs. 48%, P= 0.002), experienced higher therapeutic efficacy to radiotherapy (86% vs. 52%, P= 0.005), and had longer median survival after BM diagnosis (13.2 vs. 6.8 months, P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)455-461
Number of pages7
JournalLung Cancer
Volume81
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013

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Keywords

  • Brain metastases
  • Epidermal growth factor receptor mutations
  • Lung adenocarcinoma
  • Radiotherapy
  • Survival after brain metastases
  • Treatment response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cancer Research

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