The efficacy of an 'allergen-gene immunization' protocol in altering allergic response was examined. Intramuscular injection of rats with a plasmid DNA encoding a house dust mite allergen into the muscle results in its long-term expression and the induction of specific immune responses. Significantly, this approach prevents the induction of immunoglobulin E synthesis, histamine release in bronchoalveolar fluids, and airway hyperresponsiveness in rats challenged with aerosolized allergen. Furthermore, this suppression is persistent and can be transferred into naive rats by CD8+ T cells from gene-immunized rats. These findings suggest that allergen-gene immunization is effective in modulating allergic responses, and may provide a novel therapeutic approach for allergic diseases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)