Interleukin (IL)-10 is a homodimer cytokine that plays a crucial role in suppressing inflammatory responses and regulating the growth or differentiation of various immune cells. However, the molecular mechanism of IL-10 regulation is only partially understood because its regulation is environment or cell type-specific. In this study, we developed a computational approach, ILeukin10Pred (interleukin-10 prediction), by employing amino acid sequence-based features to predict and identify potential immunosuppressive IL-10-inducing peptides. The dataset comprises 394 experimentally validated IL-10-inducing and 848 non-inducing peptides. Furthermore, we split the dataset into a training set (80%) and a test set (20%). To train and validate the model, we applied a stratified five-fold cross-validation method. The final model was later evaluated using the holdout set. An extra tree classifier (ETC)-based model achieved an accuracy of 87.5% and Matthew’s correlation coefficient (MCC) of 0.755 on the hybrid feature types. It outperformed an existing state-of-the-art method based on dipeptide compositions that achieved an accuracy of 81.24% and an MCC value of 0.59. Our experimental results showed that the combination of various features achieved better predictive performance..
- Extra tree classifier
- Immunosuppressive peptides
- Machine learning
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)