Background. Ifosfamide-based chemotherapy has already been the basis of three separate clinical trials. In this study, ifosfamide was administered to lung cancer patients who had failed to respond to previous chemotherapy, to assess its response rate and toxicity. Methods. From January 1993 to December 1996, 21 patients were treated, including eight patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and 13 with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients who had histocytologically confirmed lung cancer, were previously treated with chemotherapy, had a measurable lesion(s), were younger than 75 years of age, had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-3 and adequate marrow, renal and liver function were eligible for inclusion in this study. For SCLC patients, ifosfamide 2.4 g/m2 intravenous (IV) infusion was given over 30 minutes on days 1-3 every four weeks. For NSCLC, two regimens were used: IFL (ifosfamide 2 g/m2, 5-fluorouracil (FU) 600 mg/m2 and leucovorin 50 mg/m2 IV infusion on days 1-3 every four weeks) and LIFE (leucovorin 50 mg/m2, ifosfamide 1 g/m2, 5-FU 400 mg/m2 and epirubicin 12 mg/m2 IV infusion on days 1-3 every four weeks). For NSCLC patients, IFL was used for the first two years of treatment and LIFE was used in the last two treatment years. All patients were evaluated for treatment response and toxicity. Results. The major toxic effect, myelosuppression (grade 3 or 4 leukopenia), occurred in 62.5% of SCLC patients and 23.1% of NSCLC patients during treatment, and in 6215% and 10% of SCLC and NSCLC patients, respectively, throughout the course. Only one SCLC and one NSCLC patient experienced febrile neutropenia. One toxic death, attributed to febrile neutropenia, was documented in a patient with SCLC. Alopecia was ubiquitous. Other toxicities were uncommon and mild. The overall response rate was 50% in SCLC and 7.7% in NSCLC. The median time to disease progression was 61 days in SCLC and 47 days in NSCLC. Median survival was 172 days in SCLC and 173 days in NSCLC. Conclusions. The study results suggest that ifosfamide chemotherapy is active with an acceptable toxicity profile in previously treated SCLC patients. However, it lacks efficacy in NSCLC patients who have been previously treated.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Chinese Medical Journal (Taipei)|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 1 1998|
- Lung cancer
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