Identification of two functional nuclear localization signals mediating nuclear import of liver receptor homologue-1

Feng Ming Yang, Yu Chi Lin, Meng Chun Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Liver receptor homologue-1 (LRH-1) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily. We characterized two functional nuclear localization signals (NLSs) in LRH-1. NLS1 (residues 117-168) overlaps the second zinc finger in the DNA binding domain. Mutagenesis showed that the zinc finger structure and two basic clusters on either side of the zinc finger loop are critical for nuclear import of NLS1. NLS2 (residues 169-204) is located in the Ftz-F1 box that contains a bipartite signal. In full-length LRH-1, mutation of either NLS1 or NLS2 had no effect on nuclear localization, but disruption of both NLS1 and NLS2 resulted in the cytoplasmic accumulation of LRH-1. Either NLS1 or NLS2 alone was sufficient to target LRH-1 to the nucleus. Both NLS1 and NLS2 mediate nuclear transport by a mechanism involving importin α/β. Finally, we showed that three crucial basic clusters in the NLSs are involved in the DNA binding and transcriptional activities of LRH-1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1241-1253
Number of pages13
JournalCellular and Molecular Life Sciences
Volume68
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Importin
  • Liver receptor homologue-1 (LRH-1)
  • Nuclear import
  • Nuclear localization signal
  • Nuclear receptor
  • Zinc finger

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Cell Biology

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