Protoberberine alkaloids (coralyne and its derivatives), which exhibit antileukemic activity in animal models, have been shown to be potent inducers of topoisomerase (topo) I-DNA clearable complexes using purified recombinant human DNA topo I. Different from the structurally similar benzophenanthridine alkaloid nitidine (a dual poison of both topos I and II), coralyne and its derivatives have marginal poisoning activity against DNA topo II. Yeast cells expressing human DNA topo I are shown to be specifically sensitive to killing by coralyne derivatives and nitidine, suggesting that cellular DNA topo I is their cytotoxic target. Two human camptothecin-resistant cell lines, CPT-K5 and A2780/CPT-2000, which are known to express highly camptothecin-resistant topo I, are only marginally resistant to coralyne derivatives and nitidine. Purification of human topo I from Escherichia coli cells overexpressing CPT- K5 recombinant topo I has demonstrated similar marginal cross-resistance to nitidine. It seems possible to develop coralyne and nitidine derivatives as new topo I-targeted therapeutics to overcome aspects of camptothecin-related resistance.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 15 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research