Identification of susceptible loci and enriched pathways for Bipolar II disorder using genome-wide association studies

Chung Feng Kao, Hui Wen Chen, Hsi Chung Chen, Jenn Hwai Yang, Ming Chyi Huang, Yi Hang Chiu, Shih Ku Lin, Ya Chin Lee, Chih Min Liu, Li Chung Chuang, Chien Hsiun Chen, Jer Yuarn Wu, Ru Band Lu, Po Hsiu Kuo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to identify susceptible loci and enriched pathways for bipolar disorder subtype II. Methods: We conducted a genome-wide association scan in discovery samples with 189 bipolar disorder subtype II patients and 1773 controls, and replication samples with 283 bipolar disorder subtype II patients and 500 controls in a Taiwanese Han population using Affymetrix Axiom Genome-Wide CHB1 Array. We performed single-marker and gene-based association analyses, as well as calculated polygeneic risk scores for bipolar disorder subtype II. Pathway enrichment analyses were employed to reveal significant biological pathways. Results: Seven markers were found to be associated with bipolar disorder subtype II in meta-analysis combining both discovery and replication samples (P < 5.0 × 10-6), including markers in or close to MYO16, HSP90AB3P, noncoding gene LOC100507632, and markers in chromosomes 4 and 10. A novel locus, ETF1, was associated with bipolar disorder subtype II (P < 6.0 × 10-3) in gene-based association tests. Results of risk evaluation demonstrated that higher genetic risk scores were able to distinguish bipolar disorder subtype II patients from healthy controls in both discovery (P = 3.9 × 10-4 ∼1.0 × 10-3) and replication samples (2.8 × 10-4 ∼1.7 × 10-3). Genetic variance explained by chip markers for bipolar disorder subtype II was substantial in the discovery (55.1%) and replication (60.5%) samples. Moreover, pathways related to neurodevelopmental function, signal transduction, neuronal system, and cell adhesion molecules were significantly associated with bipolar disorder subtype II. Conclusion: We reported novel susceptible loci for pure bipolar subtype II disorder that is less addressed in the literature. Future studies are needed to confirm the roles of these loci for bipolar disorder subtype II.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
Volume19
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Bipolar II disorder
  • Enriched pathways
  • Genome-wide association
  • Heritability estimate
  • Polygenic score

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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