Identification of DPP4/CTNNB1/MET as a Theranostic Signature of Thyroid Cancer and Evaluation of the Therapeutic Potential of Sitagliptin

Sheng Yao Cheng, Alexander T.H. Wu, Gaber El Saber Batiha, Ching Liang Ho, Jih Chin Lee, Halimat Yusuf Lukman, Mohammed Alorabi, Abdullah N. Alrasheedi, Jia Hong Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In recent years, the incidence of thyroid cancer has been increasing globally, with papillary thyroid cancer (PTCa) being the most prevalent pathological type, accounting for approximately 80% of all cases. Although PTCa has been regarded to be slow growing and has a good prognosis, in some cases, PTCa can be aggressive and progress despite surgery and radioactive iodine treatment. In addition, most cancer treatment drugs have been shown to be cytotoxic and nonspecific to cancer cells, as they also affect normal cells and consequently cause harm to the body. Therefore, searching for new targets and therapies is required. Herein, we explored a bioinformatics analysis to identify important theranostic markers for THCA. Interestingly, we identified that the DPP4/CTNNB1/MET gene signature was overexpressed in PTCa, which, according to our analysis, is associated with immuno‐invasive phenotypes, cancer progression, metastasis, resistance, and un‐ favorable clinical outcomes of thyroid cancer cohorts. Since most cancer drugs were shown to exhibit cytotoxicity and to be nonspecific, herein, we evaluated the anticancer effects of the antidiabetic drug sitagliptin, which was recently shown to possess anticancer activities, and is well tolerated and effective. Interestingly, our in silico molecular docking results exhibited putative binding affinities of sitagliptin with DPP4/CTNNB1/MET signatures, even higher than standard inhibitors of these genes. This suggests that sitagliptin is a potential THCA therapeutic, worthy of further investigation both in vitro and in vivo and in clinical settings.

Original languageEnglish
Article number324
JournalBiology
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Drug resistance
  • Metastasis
  • Papillary thyroid cancer (PTCa)
  • Sitagliptin
  • Thyroid cancer (THCA)
  • Thyroidectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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