Hypoxic/ischemic and infectious events have cumulative effects on the risk of cerebral palsy in very-low-birth-weight preterm infants

Lan Wan Wang, Yung Chieh Lin, Shan Tair Wang, Tsu Fu Yeh, Chao Ching Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Hypoxia/ischemia and inflammation are two major mechanisms for cerebral palsy (CP) in preterm infants.

Objective: To investigate whether hypoxia/ischemia- And infection-related events in the perinatal and neonatal periods had cumulative effects on CP risk in very-low-birthweight (VLBW) premature infants.

Methods: From 1995 to 2005, 5,807 VLBW preterm infants admitted to Taiwan hospitals were enrolled. The cumulative effects of hypoxic/ischemic and infectious events during the perinatal and neonatal periods on CP risk at corrected age 24 months were analyzed.

Results: Of the 4,355 infants with 24-month follow-up, 457 (10.5%) had CP. The CP group had significantly higher incidences of hypoxia/ischemia-related events in the perinatal and neonatal periods, and sepsis in the neonatal period than the normal group. Three hypoxic/ischemic events, including birth cardiopulmonary resuscitation (OR 2.25; 95% CI 1.81-2.82), patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation (2.94; 1.35-5.75) and chronic lung disease (3.14; 2.61-3.85) had the most significant contribution to CP. Relative to CP risk for infants with neither the three hypoxic/ischemic events nor sepsis, the CP odds increased 1.98-, 2.26- And 2.15-fold for infants with birth cardiopulmonary resuscitation, PDA ligation and chronic lung disease, respectively; while the combination with sepsis further increased the odds to 3.18-, 3.83- And 3.25-fold, respectively. Using the three hypoxic/ischemic events plus sepsis, CP rates were 10.0, 16.7, 26.7, 40.0 and 54.7% for infants with none, one, two, three and four events, respectively.

Conclusions: Hypoxic/ischemic and infectious events across the perinatal and neonatal periods exerted cumulative effects on CP risk in VLBW premature infants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-215
Number of pages7
JournalNeonatology
Volume106
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 7 2014

Keywords

  • Cerebral palsy
  • Hypoxia/ischemia
  • Infection
  • Preterm infants
  • Very low birth weight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Medicine(all)

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