Hypercholesterolemia exacerbates transplant arteriosclerosis via increased neointimal smooth muscle cell accumulation: Studies in apolipoprotein E knockout mice

Chengwei Shi, Wen Sen Lee, Mary E. Russell, Dorothy Zhang, Donald L. Fletcher, John B. Newell, Edgar Haber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Hypercholesterolemia is thought to be a significant risk factor for coronary vasculopathy in cardiac transplant recipients. Methods and Results: We examined the development of arteriosclerosis in mouse carotid artery loops allografted from B.10A(2R) (H-2b2) donors to normocholesterolemic C57BL/6J (H-2b) recipients and hypercholesterolemic C57BL/6J recipients in which the apolipoprotein (apo) E gene had been knocked out. Luminal occlusion and cross-sectional neointimal area were greater in arteries allografted into hypercholesterolemic recipients at 15 and 30 days after transplantation. We also measured cellular and extracellular matrix components of the neointima by computerized planimetry of the fractional areas subtended by smooth muscle cells (anti-α-actin stain), collagen (Masson's trichrome), lipid (oil red O), and leukocytes (anti-CD45). The neointimal area stained for smooth muscle cells was significantly greater in hypercholesterolemic recipients than in normocholesterolemic recipients at 15 and 30 days after allografting. Lipid contributed to neointimal area to a lesser degree, and there was no significant increase in the contribution of collagen or leukocytes. Conclusions: Smooth muscle cell accumulation appears to be the principal contributor to the increase in neointimal area observed in arteries allografted into hypercholesterolemic mice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2722-2728
Number of pages7
JournalCirculation
Volume96
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Oct 21 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hypercholesterolemia
  • Muscle, smooth
  • Transplantation
  • Vasculature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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