Hydrogen storage properties of (Mg2Ni)100-xAgx powder prepared by mechanical alloying

Jin Yi Chen, Xian Ke Lin, Zhong Kui Lin, Pei Yao Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In many hydrogen storage methods, metal hydrides proposed to have some advantages such as greater volumetric efficiency, relatively low pressure, and high safety issue have attracted many R and D interests. Among a number of alloys, A2B type Mg2Ni intermetallic alloy due to its high hydrogen absorption capacity, lightweight and low cost is considered as a promising candidate for hydrogen storage applications. In the present study, an intermetallic powder with a desired composition of (Mg2Ni)100-xAgx (x = 0, 1.0 and 5.0) was directly prepared by mechanical alloying from pure Mg, Ni and Ag elemental powders under an inert gas. The structural transformations of as-milled powder mixtures in varied milling times were examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique. The hydrogen storage kinetics, pressure-composition-temperature (P-C-T) curves and thermal analysis of 15 h milled Mg2Ni / Ag powders were evaluated. The experimental results showed that the 15 h as-milled powders were identified as a nanocrystalline mixture of Mg2Ni, Mg and Ni. Silver addition significantly improved the hydrogen absorption capacity of Mg2Ni, revealing that the absorbed hydrogen content and reversible hydrogen content at 350 °C were increased from 3.14 to 3.83%(ω) and from 2.40 to 3.0%(ω), respectively, for the 15 h milled Mg2Ni powder at silver content of 1.0%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-262
Number of pages5
JournalGuocheng Gongcheng Xuebao/The Chinese Journal of Process Engineering
Volume6
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Ag
  • Hydrogen absorption
  • Mechanical alloying
  • MgNi
  • X-ray diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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