Mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to the pathophysiology of acute kidney injury (AKI). Mitophagy selectively degrades damaged mitochondria and thereby regulates cellular homeostasis. RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) regulate RNA processing at multiple levels and thereby control cellular function. In this study, we aimed to understand the role of human antigen R (HuR) in hypoxia-induced mitophagy process in the renal tubular cells. Mitophagy marker expressions (PARKIN, p-PARKIN, PINK1, BNIP3L, BNIP3, LC3) were determined by western blot analysis. Immunofluorescence studies were performed to analyze mitophagosome, mitolysosome, co-localization of p-PARKIN/TOMM20 and BNIP3L/TOMM20. HuR-mediated regulation of PARKIN/BNIP3L expressions was determined by RNA-immunoprecipitation analysis and RNA stability experiments. Hypoxia induced mitochondrial dysfunction by increased ROS, decline in membrane potential and activated mitophagy through up-regulated PARKIN, PINK1, BNIP3 and BNIP3L expressions. HuR knockdown studies revealed that HuR regulates hypoxia-induced mitophagosome and mitolysosome formation. HuR was significantly bound to PARKIN and BNIP3L mRNA under hypoxia and thereby up-regulated their expressions through mRNA stability. Altogether, our data highlight the importance of HuR in mitophagy regulation through up-regulating PARKIN/BNIP3L expressions in renal tubular cells.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2021|
- acute kidney injury
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Cell Biology