Abstract

Macrophages have a pivotal role in chronic inflammatory diseases (CIDs), so imaging and controlling activated macrophage is critical for detecting and reducing chronic inflammation. In this study, photodynamic selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) with photosensitive and macrophage-targeting bilayers were developed. The first layer of the photosensitive macromolecule was composed of a conjugate of a photosensitizer (rose bengal, RB) and a thiolated chitosan (chitosan-glutathione), resulting in a plasmonic coupling-induced red shift and broadening of RB absorption bands with increased absorption intensity. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and diphenylanthracene (DPA) quenching studies revealed that the SeNPs that were coated with the photosensitive layer were more effective than RB alone in producing singlet oxygen (1O2) under photoirradiation. The second layer of the activated macrophage-targetable macromolecule was synthesized by conjugation of hyaluronic acid with folic acid using an ethylenediamine linker. Proinflammatory-activated macrophages rapidly internalized the SeNPs that were covered with the targeting ligand, exhibiting a much stronger fluorescence signal of the SeNPs than did the nonactivated macrophages. Since proinflammatory-activated macrophage was known to generate a substantial amount of H2O2 while the inflamed site generally caused inflammation-associated tissue hypoxia, the SeNPs were further modified with O2 self-sufficient function for photodynamic therapy. Catalase was immobilized on the SeNPs by the formation of disulfide bonds. Intracellular reduction of disulfide bonds induced the subsequent release of catalase, which catalyzed the decomposition of H2O2. The H2O2-depleting and O2-generating photodynamic SeNPs efficiently killed activated macrophages and quenched the intracellular H2O2 and NO that are associated with inflammation. The SeNPs may have potential as a theranostic nanomaterial to image and control the activation of macrophages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5158-5172
Number of pages15
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 2017

Fingerprint

Macrophages
Selenium
Fluorescence
Nanoparticles
Imaging techniques
Rose Bengal
ethylenediamine
Chitosan
Macromolecules
Disulfides
Catalase
Hyaluronic acid
Singlet Oxygen
Photodynamic therapy
Photosensitizing Agents
Photosensitizers
Hyaluronic Acid
Folic Acid
Nanostructured materials
Glutathione

Keywords

  • fluorescence imaging
  • macrophage
  • photodynamics
  • Se nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

@article{ca909225a99849a99828e3ad189fffc4,
title = "H2O2-Depleting and O2-Generating Selenium Nanoparticles for Fluorescence Imaging and Photodynamic Treatment of Proinflammatory-Activated Macrophages",
abstract = "Macrophages have a pivotal role in chronic inflammatory diseases (CIDs), so imaging and controlling activated macrophage is critical for detecting and reducing chronic inflammation. In this study, photodynamic selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) with photosensitive and macrophage-targeting bilayers were developed. The first layer of the photosensitive macromolecule was composed of a conjugate of a photosensitizer (rose bengal, RB) and a thiolated chitosan (chitosan-glutathione), resulting in a plasmonic coupling-induced red shift and broadening of RB absorption bands with increased absorption intensity. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and diphenylanthracene (DPA) quenching studies revealed that the SeNPs that were coated with the photosensitive layer were more effective than RB alone in producing singlet oxygen (1O2) under photoirradiation. The second layer of the activated macrophage-targetable macromolecule was synthesized by conjugation of hyaluronic acid with folic acid using an ethylenediamine linker. Proinflammatory-activated macrophages rapidly internalized the SeNPs that were covered with the targeting ligand, exhibiting a much stronger fluorescence signal of the SeNPs than did the nonactivated macrophages. Since proinflammatory-activated macrophage was known to generate a substantial amount of H2O2 while the inflamed site generally caused inflammation-associated tissue hypoxia, the SeNPs were further modified with O2 self-sufficient function for photodynamic therapy. Catalase was immobilized on the SeNPs by the formation of disulfide bonds. Intracellular reduction of disulfide bonds induced the subsequent release of catalase, which catalyzed the decomposition of H2O2. The H2O2-depleting and O2-generating photodynamic SeNPs efficiently killed activated macrophages and quenched the intracellular H2O2 and NO that are associated with inflammation. The SeNPs may have potential as a theranostic nanomaterial to image and control the activation of macrophages.",
keywords = "fluorescence imaging, macrophage, photodynamics, Se nanoparticles",
author = "Lu, {Kun Ying} and Lin, {Po Yen} and Chuang, {Er Yuan} and Shih, {Chwen Ming} and Cheng, {Tsai Mu} and Lin, {Tsung Yao} and Sung, {Hsing Wen} and Mi, {Fwu Long}",
year = "2017",
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T1 - H2O2-Depleting and O2-Generating Selenium Nanoparticles for Fluorescence Imaging and Photodynamic Treatment of Proinflammatory-Activated Macrophages

AU - Lu, Kun Ying

AU - Lin, Po Yen

AU - Chuang, Er Yuan

AU - Shih, Chwen Ming

AU - Cheng, Tsai Mu

AU - Lin, Tsung Yao

AU - Sung, Hsing Wen

AU - Mi, Fwu Long

PY - 2017/2/15

Y1 - 2017/2/15

N2 - Macrophages have a pivotal role in chronic inflammatory diseases (CIDs), so imaging and controlling activated macrophage is critical for detecting and reducing chronic inflammation. In this study, photodynamic selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) with photosensitive and macrophage-targeting bilayers were developed. The first layer of the photosensitive macromolecule was composed of a conjugate of a photosensitizer (rose bengal, RB) and a thiolated chitosan (chitosan-glutathione), resulting in a plasmonic coupling-induced red shift and broadening of RB absorption bands with increased absorption intensity. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and diphenylanthracene (DPA) quenching studies revealed that the SeNPs that were coated with the photosensitive layer were more effective than RB alone in producing singlet oxygen (1O2) under photoirradiation. The second layer of the activated macrophage-targetable macromolecule was synthesized by conjugation of hyaluronic acid with folic acid using an ethylenediamine linker. Proinflammatory-activated macrophages rapidly internalized the SeNPs that were covered with the targeting ligand, exhibiting a much stronger fluorescence signal of the SeNPs than did the nonactivated macrophages. Since proinflammatory-activated macrophage was known to generate a substantial amount of H2O2 while the inflamed site generally caused inflammation-associated tissue hypoxia, the SeNPs were further modified with O2 self-sufficient function for photodynamic therapy. Catalase was immobilized on the SeNPs by the formation of disulfide bonds. Intracellular reduction of disulfide bonds induced the subsequent release of catalase, which catalyzed the decomposition of H2O2. The H2O2-depleting and O2-generating photodynamic SeNPs efficiently killed activated macrophages and quenched the intracellular H2O2 and NO that are associated with inflammation. The SeNPs may have potential as a theranostic nanomaterial to image and control the activation of macrophages.

AB - Macrophages have a pivotal role in chronic inflammatory diseases (CIDs), so imaging and controlling activated macrophage is critical for detecting and reducing chronic inflammation. In this study, photodynamic selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) with photosensitive and macrophage-targeting bilayers were developed. The first layer of the photosensitive macromolecule was composed of a conjugate of a photosensitizer (rose bengal, RB) and a thiolated chitosan (chitosan-glutathione), resulting in a plasmonic coupling-induced red shift and broadening of RB absorption bands with increased absorption intensity. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and diphenylanthracene (DPA) quenching studies revealed that the SeNPs that were coated with the photosensitive layer were more effective than RB alone in producing singlet oxygen (1O2) under photoirradiation. The second layer of the activated macrophage-targetable macromolecule was synthesized by conjugation of hyaluronic acid with folic acid using an ethylenediamine linker. Proinflammatory-activated macrophages rapidly internalized the SeNPs that were covered with the targeting ligand, exhibiting a much stronger fluorescence signal of the SeNPs than did the nonactivated macrophages. Since proinflammatory-activated macrophage was known to generate a substantial amount of H2O2 while the inflamed site generally caused inflammation-associated tissue hypoxia, the SeNPs were further modified with O2 self-sufficient function for photodynamic therapy. Catalase was immobilized on the SeNPs by the formation of disulfide bonds. Intracellular reduction of disulfide bonds induced the subsequent release of catalase, which catalyzed the decomposition of H2O2. The H2O2-depleting and O2-generating photodynamic SeNPs efficiently killed activated macrophages and quenched the intracellular H2O2 and NO that are associated with inflammation. The SeNPs may have potential as a theranostic nanomaterial to image and control the activation of macrophages.

KW - fluorescence imaging

KW - macrophage

KW - photodynamics

KW - Se nanoparticles

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