Highly aligned and single-layered hollow fibrous membranes prepared from polyurethane and silica blends through a two-fluid coaxial electrospun process

Yun Shao Huang, Chi Ching Kuo, Yao Chi Shu, Shin Cheng Jang, Wen Chin Tsen, Fu Sheng Chuang, Chien Chung Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Highly aligned, single-layered hollow fibrous membranes are prepared using two-fluid coaxial electrospinning (ES). Polyethylene oxide (PEO) is used as the core, and polyurethane (PU) and blends of PU with silica (SiO2) are used as the shell to extract the PEO. The effects of the polymer-complex concentration, the ES parameters, and the SiO2 blending ratio on the morphologies and mechanical properties of fibers are explored. Using an appropriate PU concentration and applied spinning voltage combination yields a high fiber-alignment degree. The hollow fibrous average area increases as the inner-to-outer flow-rate ratio (FRRi/o) increases because the inner flow increases. When using a PU concentration of 13 wt%, a spinning voltage of 7 kV, and an FRRi/o of 0.8, along with blending 15% SiO2 with PU, the fiber alignment of the PU/SiO2 membranes is 95%. The Young's modulus indicates that adding SiO2 enhances the mechanical properties, causing a monolayer hollow-fiber assembly with interconnected fibers to form.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)879-887
Number of pages9
JournalMacromolecular Chemistry and Physics
Volume215
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • alignment
  • electrospinning (ES)
  • hollow fibers
  • polyurethane (PU)
  • silica

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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