Heterotopic ossification in burns: Our experience and literature reviews

Hung Chang Chen, Jui Yung Yang, Shiow Shuh Chuang, Chun Yuan Huang, Shih Yi Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purposes: Heterotopic ossification (HO) is an uncommon, but high profile complication of burns. In this paper, a retrospective study was undertaken to evaluate our treatment and results of HO. Relevant literature was also reviewed to search for new advances in prevention and management for patients with HO after burns. Materials and methods: A retrospective study was undertaken in Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou. We collected 12 patients who suffered from HO after burn and received operation in our hospital between June 2000 and September 2007. The data was expressed as mean. Results: Patients' gender distribution was 10 males and 2 females. The mean age was 43 years old (range, 30-59). Causes of burn were flame burn (75%), scald burn (8%), contact burn (8%), and high-voltage electrical burn (8%). Mean TBSA was 39% (range, 8-90%). Nine of 12 patients (75%) were admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) and 6 (50%) received mechanical ventilator support. The mean ICU stay was 82 days (range, 26-240 days). The elbow was the most commonly affected joint (92%). The outcome of surgery was acceptable in all elbows at the time of surgery. The mean ROMs before surgery were 31° (range, 0-75°). The mean ROMs after surgery were 99° (range, 70-115°); mean gain was 68° (range, 35-115°). One (8%) patients had recurrent HO after operation. The mean outpatient department follow-up time was 14.6 months (range, 1-40 months). The incidence of HO in our burn center is 0.15%. Conclusion: Although HO after burn is uncommon, physicians should keep the complication in mind. When burn patients complain decreased ROM or "locking sign" in their joints, X-ray examination is indicated to rule out HO. Surgery is the treatment of choice when the diagnosis of HO is confirmed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)857-862
Number of pages6
JournalBurns
Volume35
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Heterotopic Ossification
Burns
Elbow
Intensive Care Units
Retrospective Studies
Joints
Burn Units
Mechanical Ventilators
Outpatients
X-Rays
Physicians

Keywords

  • Burns
  • Continuous passive motion (CPM)
  • COX-2 inhibitors
  • Heterotopic ossification (HO)
  • Osteoprogenitor cells
  • Radiation therapy (RT)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Surgery

Cite this

Heterotopic ossification in burns : Our experience and literature reviews. / Chen, Hung Chang; Yang, Jui Yung; Chuang, Shiow Shuh; Huang, Chun Yuan; Yang, Shih Yi.

In: Burns, Vol. 35, No. 6, 09.2009, p. 857-862.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chen, Hung Chang ; Yang, Jui Yung ; Chuang, Shiow Shuh ; Huang, Chun Yuan ; Yang, Shih Yi. / Heterotopic ossification in burns : Our experience and literature reviews. In: Burns. 2009 ; Vol. 35, No. 6. pp. 857-862.
@article{76538e2465644148be919a3c607a404d,
title = "Heterotopic ossification in burns: Our experience and literature reviews",
abstract = "Purposes: Heterotopic ossification (HO) is an uncommon, but high profile complication of burns. In this paper, a retrospective study was undertaken to evaluate our treatment and results of HO. Relevant literature was also reviewed to search for new advances in prevention and management for patients with HO after burns. Materials and methods: A retrospective study was undertaken in Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou. We collected 12 patients who suffered from HO after burn and received operation in our hospital between June 2000 and September 2007. The data was expressed as mean. Results: Patients' gender distribution was 10 males and 2 females. The mean age was 43 years old (range, 30-59). Causes of burn were flame burn (75{\%}), scald burn (8{\%}), contact burn (8{\%}), and high-voltage electrical burn (8{\%}). Mean TBSA was 39{\%} (range, 8-90{\%}). Nine of 12 patients (75{\%}) were admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) and 6 (50{\%}) received mechanical ventilator support. The mean ICU stay was 82 days (range, 26-240 days). The elbow was the most commonly affected joint (92{\%}). The outcome of surgery was acceptable in all elbows at the time of surgery. The mean ROMs before surgery were 31° (range, 0-75°). The mean ROMs after surgery were 99° (range, 70-115°); mean gain was 68° (range, 35-115°). One (8{\%}) patients had recurrent HO after operation. The mean outpatient department follow-up time was 14.6 months (range, 1-40 months). The incidence of HO in our burn center is 0.15{\%}. Conclusion: Although HO after burn is uncommon, physicians should keep the complication in mind. When burn patients complain decreased ROM or {"}locking sign{"} in their joints, X-ray examination is indicated to rule out HO. Surgery is the treatment of choice when the diagnosis of HO is confirmed.",
keywords = "Burns, Continuous passive motion (CPM), COX-2 inhibitors, Heterotopic ossification (HO), Osteoprogenitor cells, Radiation therapy (RT)",
author = "Chen, {Hung Chang} and Yang, {Jui Yung} and Chuang, {Shiow Shuh} and Huang, {Chun Yuan} and Yang, {Shih Yi}",
year = "2009",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1016/j.burns.2008.03.002",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "857--862",
journal = "Burns",
issn = "0305-4179",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Heterotopic ossification in burns

T2 - Our experience and literature reviews

AU - Chen, Hung Chang

AU - Yang, Jui Yung

AU - Chuang, Shiow Shuh

AU - Huang, Chun Yuan

AU - Yang, Shih Yi

PY - 2009/9

Y1 - 2009/9

N2 - Purposes: Heterotopic ossification (HO) is an uncommon, but high profile complication of burns. In this paper, a retrospective study was undertaken to evaluate our treatment and results of HO. Relevant literature was also reviewed to search for new advances in prevention and management for patients with HO after burns. Materials and methods: A retrospective study was undertaken in Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou. We collected 12 patients who suffered from HO after burn and received operation in our hospital between June 2000 and September 2007. The data was expressed as mean. Results: Patients' gender distribution was 10 males and 2 females. The mean age was 43 years old (range, 30-59). Causes of burn were flame burn (75%), scald burn (8%), contact burn (8%), and high-voltage electrical burn (8%). Mean TBSA was 39% (range, 8-90%). Nine of 12 patients (75%) were admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) and 6 (50%) received mechanical ventilator support. The mean ICU stay was 82 days (range, 26-240 days). The elbow was the most commonly affected joint (92%). The outcome of surgery was acceptable in all elbows at the time of surgery. The mean ROMs before surgery were 31° (range, 0-75°). The mean ROMs after surgery were 99° (range, 70-115°); mean gain was 68° (range, 35-115°). One (8%) patients had recurrent HO after operation. The mean outpatient department follow-up time was 14.6 months (range, 1-40 months). The incidence of HO in our burn center is 0.15%. Conclusion: Although HO after burn is uncommon, physicians should keep the complication in mind. When burn patients complain decreased ROM or "locking sign" in their joints, X-ray examination is indicated to rule out HO. Surgery is the treatment of choice when the diagnosis of HO is confirmed.

AB - Purposes: Heterotopic ossification (HO) is an uncommon, but high profile complication of burns. In this paper, a retrospective study was undertaken to evaluate our treatment and results of HO. Relevant literature was also reviewed to search for new advances in prevention and management for patients with HO after burns. Materials and methods: A retrospective study was undertaken in Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou. We collected 12 patients who suffered from HO after burn and received operation in our hospital between June 2000 and September 2007. The data was expressed as mean. Results: Patients' gender distribution was 10 males and 2 females. The mean age was 43 years old (range, 30-59). Causes of burn were flame burn (75%), scald burn (8%), contact burn (8%), and high-voltage electrical burn (8%). Mean TBSA was 39% (range, 8-90%). Nine of 12 patients (75%) were admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) and 6 (50%) received mechanical ventilator support. The mean ICU stay was 82 days (range, 26-240 days). The elbow was the most commonly affected joint (92%). The outcome of surgery was acceptable in all elbows at the time of surgery. The mean ROMs before surgery were 31° (range, 0-75°). The mean ROMs after surgery were 99° (range, 70-115°); mean gain was 68° (range, 35-115°). One (8%) patients had recurrent HO after operation. The mean outpatient department follow-up time was 14.6 months (range, 1-40 months). The incidence of HO in our burn center is 0.15%. Conclusion: Although HO after burn is uncommon, physicians should keep the complication in mind. When burn patients complain decreased ROM or "locking sign" in their joints, X-ray examination is indicated to rule out HO. Surgery is the treatment of choice when the diagnosis of HO is confirmed.

KW - Burns

KW - Continuous passive motion (CPM)

KW - COX-2 inhibitors

KW - Heterotopic ossification (HO)

KW - Osteoprogenitor cells

KW - Radiation therapy (RT)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=67651061193&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=67651061193&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.burns.2008.03.002

DO - 10.1016/j.burns.2008.03.002

M3 - Article

C2 - 19481867

AN - SCOPUS:67651061193

VL - 35

SP - 857

EP - 862

JO - Burns

JF - Burns

SN - 0305-4179

IS - 6

ER -