Heterobifunctional poly(ethylene glycol)-tethered bone morphogenetic protein-2-stimulated bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cell differentiation and osteogenesis

Hsia W. Liu, Chih H. Chen, Ching L. Tsai, I. Hsuan Lin, Ging H. Hsiue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Citations (Scopus)


We describe a biomimetic mode of insoluble signaling stimulation to provide target delivery of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), with the aim of prolonging the retention of BMP-2 use in bone tissue engineering and to enable its localized release in response to cellular activity. In our novel localization process, we used heterobifunctional acrylate-N-hydroxysuccinimide poly(ethylcne glycol) (PEG) as a spacer to tether BMP-2 onto a poly(lactide-co-glycolide) scaffold. Use of PEG-tethered BMP-2 was feasible because BMP-2 retained its activity after covalent conjugation. The PEG-tethered BMP-2 conjugate sustained stimulation and retained its mitogenic activity, notably affecting pluripotent stem cell proliferation and differentiation. We seeded the scaffolds with bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells as progenitor cells to evaluate their morphology and phenotypic expression. We also created bilateral, full-thickness cranial defects in rabbits to investigate the osteogenic effect of cultured mesenchymal stromal cells on bone regeneration in vivo. Histomorphometry and histology demonstrated that the PEG-tethered BMP-2 conjugate enhanced de novo bone formation after surgery. Our work revealed the potential for biomimetic surface engineering by entrapping signaling growth factor to stimulate osteogenesis. Our technique may provide a new platform for bone-engineered stem cell therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1113-1124
Number of pages12
JournalTissue Engineering
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2007
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biotechnology
  • Cell Biology

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