Hepatoprotective effects of Arctium lappa Linne on liver injuries induced by chronic ethanol consumption and potentiated by carbon tetrachloride.

Song-Chow Lin, Chia Hsien Lin, Chun Ching Lin, Yun Ho Lin, Chin Fa Chen, I. Cheng Chen, Li Ya Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Arctium lappa Linne (burdock) is a perennial herb which is popularly cultivated as a vegetable. In order to evaluate its hepatoprotective effects, a group of rats (n = 10) was fed a liquid ethanol diet (4 g of absolute ethanol/ 80 ml of liquid basal diet) for 28 days and another group (n = 10) received a single intraperitoneal injection of 0.5 ml/kg carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) in order to potentiate the liver damage on the 21st day (1 day before the beginning of A. lappa treatment). Control group rats were given a liquid basal diet which did not contain absolute ethanol. When 300 mg/kg A. lappa was administered orally 3 times per day in both the 1-day and 7-day treatment groups, some biochemical and histopathological parameters were significantly altered, both in the ethanol group and the groups receiving ethanol supplemented with CCl(4). A. lappa significantly improved various pathological and biochemical parameters which were worsened by ethanol plus CCl(4)-induced liver damage, such as the ethanol plus CCl(4)-induced decreases in total cytochrome P-450 content and NADPH-cytochrome c reductase activity, increases in serum triglyceride levels and lipid peroxidation (the deleterious peroxidative and toxic malondialdehyde metabolite may be produced in quantity) and elevation of serum transaminase levels. It could even restore the glutathione content and affect the histopathological lesions. These results tended to imply that the hepatotoxicity induced by ethanol and potentiated by CCl(4) could be alleviated with 1 and 7 days of A. lappa treatment. The hepatoprotective mechanism of A. lappa could be attributed, at least in part, to its antioxidative activity, which decreases the oxidative stress of hepatocytes, or to other unknown protective mechanism(s).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)401-409
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biomedical Science
Volume9
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2002

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Arctium
Carbon Tetrachloride
Liver
Ethanol
Wounds and Injuries
Nutrition
Diet
Rats
Liquids
NADPH-Ferrihemoprotein Reductase
Oxidative stress
Poisons
Vegetables
Metabolites
Transaminases
Intraperitoneal Injections
Malondialdehyde
Serum
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
Lipid Peroxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Hepatoprotective effects of Arctium lappa Linne on liver injuries induced by chronic ethanol consumption and potentiated by carbon tetrachloride. / Lin, Song-Chow; Lin, Chia Hsien; Lin, Chun Ching; Lin, Yun Ho; Chen, Chin Fa; Chen, I. Cheng; Wang, Li Ya.

In: Journal of Biomedical Science, Vol. 9, No. 5, 09.2002, p. 401-409.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lin, Song-Chow ; Lin, Chia Hsien ; Lin, Chun Ching ; Lin, Yun Ho ; Chen, Chin Fa ; Chen, I. Cheng ; Wang, Li Ya. / Hepatoprotective effects of Arctium lappa Linne on liver injuries induced by chronic ethanol consumption and potentiated by carbon tetrachloride. In: Journal of Biomedical Science. 2002 ; Vol. 9, No. 5. pp. 401-409.
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AU - Chen, I. Cheng

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