Background: Helicobacter pylori causes chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer, gastric cancer and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. Different genotypes of H. pylori are confirmed from diverse geographical areas. Its association with clinical diseases remains controversial. The aim of the present study was to investigate the H. pylori vacuolating cytotoxin (vacA) alleles, cytotoxin-associated gene (cagA) and iceA, in patients with peptic ulcer and gastritis. Methods: We enrolled patients with peptic ulcer and chronic gastritis. Biopsy specimens were obtained from the antrum and lower body of the stomach. DNA extraction and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were used to detect the presence or absence of cagA and to assess the polymorphism of vacA and iceA. Results: A total of 133 patients (57 gastric ulcer, 52 duodenal ulcer, 24 chronic gastritis) had positive PCR results from biopsy specimens. Concerning genotypes, we found cagA (79% in the antrum, 92% in the body) and iceA1 (73% in the antrum, 82.8% in the body) strains in the majority of patients. The dominant vacA subtype was s1a (74.4% in the antrum, 75% in the body), followed by s1c (51.1% in the antrum, 60.5% in the body). In the middle region, the m2 strain dominated (49.6% in the antrum, 41.4% in the body), followed by m1T (19.5% in the antrum, 9.5% in the body). Mixed infection occurred in 89 patients (67%).There was no statistical difference in genotypes among the three groups. Conclusion: In Taiwan, H. pylori with positive cagA and iceA1 was found in the majority of cases. H. pylori with vacA s1a strains was the most common vacA subtype, followed by s1c, while s1b was rare. In the middle region, the m2 subtype was predominant followed by m1T. There was no significant association between genotypes and clinical diseases.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)|
|Publication status||Published - 2003|
- Cytotoxin-associated gene (cagA)
- Helicobacter pylori
- Vacuolating cytotoxin (vacA)
ASJC Scopus subject areas