Health Status and Quality of Life of Middle-Aged and Older Taiwanese Sexual and Gender Minorities

Ya Ching Wang, Shiow Ru Chang, Nae Fang Miao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To examine the health status and quality of life of middle-aged and older sexual and gender minority adults in Taiwan. Research Design and Methods: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted between May and December 2019. A total of 535 self-identified lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) men and women ≥40 years of age were included in the final sample. An online questionnaire, which included the following three sections, was used to collect data in this study: (a) demographics, (b) the World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief Taiwan version, and (c) physical and psychological health status. Results: Middle-aged and older Taiwanese LGBT adults who were single, were unemployed, and earned monthly incomes of <20,000 New Taiwan Dollars reported poorer quality of life. Participants with one or more physical or psychological health problems also reported poorer quality of life than those who had no health problems. In addition, singlehood, unemployment, and poor quality of life and health were positively associated with mental health issues. Conclusions: It is important to attenuate health disparities and mitigate discrimination within Taiwanese society to enhance the quality of life and mental health of middle-aged and older Taiwanese LGBT adults. Clinical Relevance: Healthcare providers should be attuned to and knowledgeable about the health issues and specific healthcare needs of middle-aged and older LGBT adults, and they should also provide culturally competent care to reduce health disparities of the LGBT adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-377
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nursing Scholarship
Volume53
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • and transgender; World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief Taiwan
  • bisexual
  • gay
  • Lesbian

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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