Abstract

Glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) is the key regulator of endoplasmic reticular (ER) function. Expression of GRP78 was correlated with malignancy in different cancers. However, the role of GRP78 in the cytotoxic effect of curcumin on colon cancer cells is still unclear. A silencing RNA (siRNA) technique was used to knock down GRP78 expression. The anticancer effects of curcumin were assessed by a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, a flow cytometric cell cycle analysis, and a terminal dexynucleotidyl transferase-mediated nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay. HT-29 cells expressed lower GRP78 compared with DLD-1 cells. The MTT assay revealed that HT-29 cells were more resistant to curcumin treatment than DLD-1 cells. GRP78KD cells showed more resistance to curcumin treatment compared with scrambled control cells. Overexpressed GRP78 in HT-29 cells increased the sensitivity to curcumin treatment. According to the cell cycle analysis and TUNEL assay, we found that apoptosis dramatically increased in scrambled control cells compared to GRP78KD DLD-1 cells after curcumin treatment. Finally, we evaluated levels of Bcl-2, BAX, and Bad and found that an increase of Bcl-2 level was observed in GRP78KD cells treated with curcumin. Those results were consistent with the increasing of resistance to curcumin after silencing of GRP78. The levels of GRP78 expression might determine the therapeutic efficacy of curcumin against colon cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)633-641
Number of pages9
JournalTumor Biology
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Curcumin
Colonic Neoplasms
HT29 Cells
Therapeutics
In Situ Nick-End Labeling
Cell Cycle
glucose-regulated proteins
Transferases
RNA Interference
Neoplasms
Apoptosis

Keywords

  • Antiproliferation
  • Colon cancer
  • Curcumin
  • GRP78

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "GRP78 mediates the therapeutic efficacy of curcumin on colon cancer",
abstract = "Glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) is the key regulator of endoplasmic reticular (ER) function. Expression of GRP78 was correlated with malignancy in different cancers. However, the role of GRP78 in the cytotoxic effect of curcumin on colon cancer cells is still unclear. A silencing RNA (siRNA) technique was used to knock down GRP78 expression. The anticancer effects of curcumin were assessed by a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, a flow cytometric cell cycle analysis, and a terminal dexynucleotidyl transferase-mediated nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay. HT-29 cells expressed lower GRP78 compared with DLD-1 cells. The MTT assay revealed that HT-29 cells were more resistant to curcumin treatment than DLD-1 cells. GRP78KD cells showed more resistance to curcumin treatment compared with scrambled control cells. Overexpressed GRP78 in HT-29 cells increased the sensitivity to curcumin treatment. According to the cell cycle analysis and TUNEL assay, we found that apoptosis dramatically increased in scrambled control cells compared to GRP78KD DLD-1 cells after curcumin treatment. Finally, we evaluated levels of Bcl-2, BAX, and Bad and found that an increase of Bcl-2 level was observed in GRP78KD cells treated with curcumin. Those results were consistent with the increasing of resistance to curcumin after silencing of GRP78. The levels of GRP78 expression might determine the therapeutic efficacy of curcumin against colon cancer cells.",
keywords = "Antiproliferation, Colon cancer, Curcumin, GRP78",
author = "Yu-Jia Chang and Huang, {Chien Yu} and Chin-Sheng Hung and Wei-Yu Chen and Po-Li Wei",
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T1 - GRP78 mediates the therapeutic efficacy of curcumin on colon cancer

AU - Chang, Yu-Jia

AU - Huang, Chien Yu

AU - Hung, Chin-Sheng

AU - Chen, Wei-Yu

AU - Wei, Po-Li

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) is the key regulator of endoplasmic reticular (ER) function. Expression of GRP78 was correlated with malignancy in different cancers. However, the role of GRP78 in the cytotoxic effect of curcumin on colon cancer cells is still unclear. A silencing RNA (siRNA) technique was used to knock down GRP78 expression. The anticancer effects of curcumin were assessed by a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, a flow cytometric cell cycle analysis, and a terminal dexynucleotidyl transferase-mediated nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay. HT-29 cells expressed lower GRP78 compared with DLD-1 cells. The MTT assay revealed that HT-29 cells were more resistant to curcumin treatment than DLD-1 cells. GRP78KD cells showed more resistance to curcumin treatment compared with scrambled control cells. Overexpressed GRP78 in HT-29 cells increased the sensitivity to curcumin treatment. According to the cell cycle analysis and TUNEL assay, we found that apoptosis dramatically increased in scrambled control cells compared to GRP78KD DLD-1 cells after curcumin treatment. Finally, we evaluated levels of Bcl-2, BAX, and Bad and found that an increase of Bcl-2 level was observed in GRP78KD cells treated with curcumin. Those results were consistent with the increasing of resistance to curcumin after silencing of GRP78. The levels of GRP78 expression might determine the therapeutic efficacy of curcumin against colon cancer cells.

AB - Glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) is the key regulator of endoplasmic reticular (ER) function. Expression of GRP78 was correlated with malignancy in different cancers. However, the role of GRP78 in the cytotoxic effect of curcumin on colon cancer cells is still unclear. A silencing RNA (siRNA) technique was used to knock down GRP78 expression. The anticancer effects of curcumin were assessed by a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, a flow cytometric cell cycle analysis, and a terminal dexynucleotidyl transferase-mediated nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay. HT-29 cells expressed lower GRP78 compared with DLD-1 cells. The MTT assay revealed that HT-29 cells were more resistant to curcumin treatment than DLD-1 cells. GRP78KD cells showed more resistance to curcumin treatment compared with scrambled control cells. Overexpressed GRP78 in HT-29 cells increased the sensitivity to curcumin treatment. According to the cell cycle analysis and TUNEL assay, we found that apoptosis dramatically increased in scrambled control cells compared to GRP78KD DLD-1 cells after curcumin treatment. Finally, we evaluated levels of Bcl-2, BAX, and Bad and found that an increase of Bcl-2 level was observed in GRP78KD cells treated with curcumin. Those results were consistent with the increasing of resistance to curcumin after silencing of GRP78. The levels of GRP78 expression might determine the therapeutic efficacy of curcumin against colon cancer cells.

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