Glycemia Lowering Effect of an Aqueous Extract of Hedychium coronarium Leaves in Diabetic Rodent Models

Ling Shan Tse, Po Lin Liao, Chi Hao Tsai, Ching Hao Li, Jiunn Wang Liao, Jaw Jou Kang, Yu Wen Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Hedychium coronarium has a long history of use worldwide as a food and in folk medicine. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of an aqueous extract of H. coronarium leaves (HC) on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Two types of animal models were used in this study: Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced T2DM (Wistar rats; N = 8) and C57BKSdb/db mice (N = 5). After treatment with HC for 28 days, glucose tolerance improved in both of the diabetic animal models. As significant effects were shown after 14 days of treatment in the STZ-induced T2DM model, we carried out the experiments with it. After 28 days of treatment with HC, the levels of cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein, and low-density lipoprotein were significantly improved in the STZ-induced T2DM model. The lesions degree of islet β-cells was decreased after the HC treatment. Although the insulin level increased moderately, the aldosterone level was significantly decreased in the HC-treated groups, suggesting that aldosterone might play an important role in this effect. In summary, HC is a natural product and it is worth exploring its effect on T2DM.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNutrients
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 14 2019

Fingerprint

Hedychium coronarium
Zingiberaceae
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
blood glucose
Rodentia
rodents
noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
Streptozocin
extracts
streptozotocin
leaves
Aldosterone
water
aldosterone
Animal Models
animal models
Traditional Medicine
Therapeutics
Biological Products
Islets of Langerhans

Keywords

  • aldosterone
  • folk medicine
  • Hedychium coronarium
  • metabolic syndrome
  • streptozotocin
  • type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Glycemia Lowering Effect of an Aqueous Extract of Hedychium coronarium Leaves in Diabetic Rodent Models. / Tse, Ling Shan; Liao, Po Lin; Tsai, Chi Hao; Li, Ching Hao; Liao, Jiunn Wang; Kang, Jaw Jou; Cheng, Yu Wen.

In: Nutrients, Vol. 11, No. 3, 14.03.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tse, Ling Shan ; Liao, Po Lin ; Tsai, Chi Hao ; Li, Ching Hao ; Liao, Jiunn Wang ; Kang, Jaw Jou ; Cheng, Yu Wen. / Glycemia Lowering Effect of an Aqueous Extract of Hedychium coronarium Leaves in Diabetic Rodent Models. In: Nutrients. 2019 ; Vol. 11, No. 3.
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