Glycemia and peak incremental indices of six popular fruits in Taiwan: Healthy and type 2 diabetes subjects compared

Ya Yen Chen, Pin Ching Wu, Shuen Fu Weng, Jen Fang Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the glycemic index and peak incremental indices of six popular fruits in Taiwan, comparing healthy subjects (n = 20) and patients with Type 2 diabetes (n = 17). The six kinds of fruits tested were grapes, Asian pears, guavas, golden kiwifruit, lychees and bananas. Glycemic index values were tested according to the standard glycemic index testing protocol. The glycemic index and peak incremental indices were calculated according to published formulas. In Type 2 diabetes subjects, the glycemic index values of grapes, Asian pears, guavas, golden kiwifruit, lychees and bananas were 49.0 ± 4.5, 25.9 ± 2.9, 32.8 ± 5.2, 47.0 ± 6.5, 60.0 ± 8.0 and 41.3 ± 3.5. In healthy subjects, the glycemic index values were 49.1 ± 7.3, 18.0 ± 5.4, 31.1 ± 5.1, 47.3 ± 12.1, 47.9 ± 6.8 and 35.1 ± 5.6. There was no significant difference in glycemic index values between healthy and Type 2 diabetes subjects. There was also no significant difference in PII when comparing healthy subjects and subjects with Type 2 diabetes. In conclusion, glycemic index and peak incremental indices in healthy subjects can be approximately the same for Type 2 diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-199
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Glycemic index
  • Peak incremental indices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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