Background and objectives Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global public health issue associated with large economic burdens. CKD contributes to higher risks of cardiovascular complications, kidney failure, and mortality. The incidence and prevalence rates of kidney failure in Taiwan have remained the highest in the world. Design, setting, participants, & measurements Assessing genetic factors that influence kidney function in specific populations has substantial clinical relevance. We investigated associations of genetic variants with eGFR. The quality control filtering and genotype imputation resulted in 10,008 Taiwan Biobank participants and 6,553,511 variants for final analyses. We examined these loci with in silico replication in individuals of European and African ancestry. Results Our results revealed one significant locus (4q21.1) and three suggestive significant loci (17q23.2, 22q13.2, and 3q29) for eGFR in the Taiwanese population. In total, four conditional-independent single nucleotide polymorphisms were identified as the most important variants within these regions, including rs55948430 (Coiled-Coil Domain Containing 158), rs1010269 (BCAS3), rs56108505 (MKL1), and rs34796810 (upstream of DLG1). By performing a meta-analysis, we found that the 4q21.1 and 17q23.2 loci were successfully replicated in the European population, whereas only the 17q23.2 locus was replicated in African ancestry. Therefore, these two loci are suggested to be transethnic loci, and the other two eGFR-associated loci (22q13.2 and 3q29) are likely population specific. Conclusions We identified four susceptibility loci on 4q21.1, 17q23.2, 22q13.2, and 3q29 that associated with kidney-related traits in a Taiwanese population. The 22q13.2 (MKL1) and 3q29 (DLG1) were prioritized as critical candidates. Functional analyses delineated novel pathways related to kidney physiology in Taiwanese and East Asian ancestries.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2022|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine