Genistein induces oestrogen receptor-α gene expression in osteoblasts through the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases/NF-κB/ activator protein-1 and promotes cell mineralisation

Mei Hsiu Liao, Yu-Ting Tai, Yih-Giun Cherng, Shing Hwa Liu, Ya An Chang, Pei I. Lin, Ruei-Ming Chen

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28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oestrogen and oestrogen receptors (ER) play critical roles in the maintenance of bone remodelling. Genistein, structurally similar to 17β-oestradiol, is a phyto-oestrogen that may be beneficial for treating osteoporosis. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of genistein on the regulation of ERα gene expression and osteoblast mineralisation using MC3T3-E1 cells and primary rat calvarial osteoblasts as our experimental models. Exposure of MC3T3-E1 cells and primary rat osteoblasts to genistein at ≤10μm for 24h did not affect the cell morphology or viability. However, treatment of MC3T3-E1 cells with 10μm-genistein enhanced the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1/2 in a time-dependent manner. Sequentially, genistein increased the translocation of NF-κB and c-Jun from the cytoplasm to the nucleus. Consequently, exposure of MC3T3-E1 cells to genistein induced ERα mRNA expression in concentration-and time-dependent manners. In parallel, the amounts of cytosolic and nuclear ERα in MC3T3-E1 cells were increased following genistein administration. Additionally, genistein also increased the levels of ERα mRNA and nuclear ERα protein in rat calvarial osteoblasts. A bioinformatic search revealed that there are several ERα-specific DNA-binding elements in the 5′-promoter regions of the bone morphogenetic protein-6, collagen type I and osteocalcin genes. As a result, genistein could induce the expressions of these osteoblast differentiation-related genes in primary rat osteoblasts. Co-treatment with genistein and traditional differentiation reagents synergistically increased osteoblast mineralisation. Therefore, the present study showed that genistein can induce ERα gene expression via the activation of MAPK/NF-κB/ activator protein-1 and accordingly stimulates differentiation-related gene expressions and osteoblast mineralisation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-63
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume111
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 14 2014

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Keywords

  • Genistein
  • Mitogen-activated protein kinase mechanisms
  • Oestrogen receptor-α
  • Osteoblast mineralisation
  • Osteoblasts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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