Genetic polymorphisms in inflammasome-dependent innate immunity among pediatric patients with severe renal parenchymal infections

Chi Hui Cheng, Yun Shien Lee, Chee Jen Chang, Jui Che Lin, Tzou Yien Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Inflammasome innate immune response activation has been demonstrated in various inflammatory diseases and microbial infections. However, to our knowledge, no study has examined the inflammasome-dependent pathways in patients with urinary tract infection. Defective or variant genes associated with innate immunity are believed to alter the host's susceptibility to microbial infection. This study investigated genetic polymorphisms in genes encoding inflammasomes and the subsequent released cytokines in pediatric patients with severe renal parenchymal infections. Methodology This study included patients diagnosed with acute pyelonephritis (APN) and acute lobar nephronia (ALN) who had no underlying disease or structural anomalies other than vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping was performed in the genes associated with inflammasome formation and activation (NLRP3, CARD8) and subsequent IL-1β cytokine generation (IL-1β). Principal Findings A total of 40 SNPs were selected for initial genotyping. Analysis of samples from 48 patients each and 96 controls revealed that only nine SNPs (five SNPs in NLRP3; three SNPs in CARD8; one SNP in IL-1β) had heterozygosity rates >0.01. Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium was satisfied for the observed genotype frequencies of these SNPs. Analysis excluding patients with VUR, a well-known risk factor for severe UTIs, revealed a lower frequency of the CC genotype in NLRP3 (rs4612666) in patients with APN and ALN than in controls. Correction for multiple-SNP testing showed that the non-VUR subgroup of the APN+ALN combined patient groups remained significantly different from the control group (P < 0.0055). Conclusions This study is the first to suggest that the inflammasome-dependent innate immunity pathway is associated with the pathogenesis of pediatric severe renal parenchymal infections. Further investigation is warranted to clarify its pathogenic mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0140128
JournalPLoS One
Volume10
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 7 2015
Externally publishedYes

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Inflammasomes
Pediatrics
Genetic Polymorphisms
Polymorphism
Innate Immunity
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
kidneys
genetic polymorphism
Kidney
Interleukin-1
pyelonephritis
Infection
infection
interleukin-1
Nucleotides
Pyelonephritis
single nucleotide polymorphism
Vesico-Ureteral Reflux
Genes
Chemical activation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Genetic polymorphisms in inflammasome-dependent innate immunity among pediatric patients with severe renal parenchymal infections. / Cheng, Chi Hui; Lee, Yun Shien; Chang, Chee Jen; Lin, Jui Che; Lin, Tzou Yien.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 10, No. 10, e0140128, 07.10.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background Inflammasome innate immune response activation has been demonstrated in various inflammatory diseases and microbial infections. However, to our knowledge, no study has examined the inflammasome-dependent pathways in patients with urinary tract infection. Defective or variant genes associated with innate immunity are believed to alter the host's susceptibility to microbial infection. This study investigated genetic polymorphisms in genes encoding inflammasomes and the subsequent released cytokines in pediatric patients with severe renal parenchymal infections. Methodology This study included patients diagnosed with acute pyelonephritis (APN) and acute lobar nephronia (ALN) who had no underlying disease or structural anomalies other than vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping was performed in the genes associated with inflammasome formation and activation (NLRP3, CARD8) and subsequent IL-1β cytokine generation (IL-1β). Principal Findings A total of 40 SNPs were selected for initial genotyping. Analysis of samples from 48 patients each and 96 controls revealed that only nine SNPs (five SNPs in NLRP3; three SNPs in CARD8; one SNP in IL-1β) had heterozygosity rates >0.01. Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium was satisfied for the observed genotype frequencies of these SNPs. Analysis excluding patients with VUR, a well-known risk factor for severe UTIs, revealed a lower frequency of the CC genotype in NLRP3 (rs4612666) in patients with APN and ALN than in controls. Correction for multiple-SNP testing showed that the non-VUR subgroup of the APN+ALN combined patient groups remained significantly different from the control group (P < 0.0055). Conclusions This study is the first to suggest that the inflammasome-dependent innate immunity pathway is associated with the pathogenesis of pediatric severe renal parenchymal infections. Further investigation is warranted to clarify its pathogenic mechanism.",
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